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The stability of weight status through the early to middle childhood years in Australia: a longitudinal study

Wheaton, Nikita, Millar, Lynne, Allender, Steven and Nichols, Melanie 2015, The stability of weight status through the early to middle childhood years in Australia: a longitudinal study, BMJ open, vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1-9, doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006963.

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Title The stability of weight status through the early to middle childhood years in Australia: a longitudinal study
Author(s) Wheaton, Nikita
Millar, Lynne
Allender, Steven
Nichols, MelanieORCID iD for Nichols, Melanie orcid.org/0000-0002-7834-5899
Journal name BMJ open
Volume number 5
Issue number 4
Start page 1
End page 9
Total pages 9
Publisher BMJ Journals
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 2044-6055
Keyword(s) Tracking
early childhood
longitudinal
socio-demographic and behavioural factors
weight status
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
BODY-MASS INDEX
SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
PREDICTING OBESITY
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
SCHOOL-CHILDREN
EARLY ADULTHOOD
OVERWEIGHT
POPULATION
ADIPOSITY
CONSUMPTION
Summary OBJECTIVES: To investigate the sociodemographic and behavioural factors associated with incidence, persistence or remission of obesity in a longitudinal sample of Australian children aged 4-10 years. SETTING: Nationally representative Longitudinal Study of Australian Children (LSAC). PARTICIPANTS: The sample for this analysis included all children in the Kinder cohort (aged 4-5 years at wave 1) who participated in all four waves of LSAC (wave 1, 2004, aged 4-5 years; wave 2, 2006, aged 6-7 years; wave 3, 2008, aged 8-9 years and wave 4, 2010, aged 10-11 years). Of the 4983 children who participated in the baseline (wave 1) survey, 4169 (83.7%) children completed all four waves of data collection. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: Movement of children between weight status categories over time and individual-level predictors of weight status change (sociodemographic characteristics, selected dietary and activity behaviours). RESULTS: The study found tracking of weight status across this period of childhood. There was an inverse association observed between socioeconomic position and persistence of overweight/obesity. Sugar-sweetened beverages and fruit and vegetable intake and screen time appeared to be important predictors of stronger tracking. CONCLUSIONS: Overweight and obesity established early in childhood tracks strongly to the middle childhood years in Australia, particularly among children of lower socioeconomic position and children participating in some unhealthy behaviour patterns.
Language eng
DOI 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006963
Field of Research 111704 Community Child Health
111706 Epidemiology
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, BMJ Journals
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30074198

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.