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Typology of alcohol mixed with energy drink consumers: motivations for use

Peacock, Amy, Droste, Nicolas, Pennay, Amy, Miller, Peter, Lubman, Dan I. and Bruno, Raimondo 2015, Typology of alcohol mixed with energy drink consumers: motivations for use, Alcoholism: clinical and experimental research, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 1083-1092, doi: 10.1111/acer.12729.

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Title Typology of alcohol mixed with energy drink consumers: motivations for use
Author(s) Peacock, Amy
Droste, Nicolas
Pennay, Amy
Miller, PeterORCID iD for Miller, Peter orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-5437
Lubman, Dan I.
Bruno, Raimondo
Journal name Alcoholism: clinical and experimental research
Volume number 39
Issue number 6
Start page 1083
End page 1092
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Weinheim, Germany
Publication date 2015
ISSN 0145-6008
1530-0277
Keyword(s) Alcohol
Caffeine
Energy Drink
Latent Class Analysis
Motive
Risk
Summary Background: Previous research on alcohol mixed with energy drinks (AmED) has shown that use is typically driven by hedonistic, social, functional, and intoxication-related motives, with differential associations with alcohol-related harm across these constructs. There has been no research looking at whether there are subgroups of consumers based on patterns of motivations. Consequently, the aims were to determine the typology of motivations for AmED use among a community sample and to identify correlates of subgroup membership. In addition, we aimed to determine whether this structure of motivations applied to a university student sample. Methods: Data were used from an Australian community sample (n = 731) and an Australian university student sample (n = 594) who were identified as AmED consumers when completing an online survey about their alcohol and ED use. Participants reported their level of agreement with 14 motivations for AmED use; latent classes of AmED consumers were identified based on patterns of motivation endorsement using latent class analysis. Results: A 4-class model was selected using data from the community sample: (i) taste consumers (31%): endorsed pleasurable taste; (ii) energy-seeking consumers (24%): endorsed functional and taste motives; (iii) hedonistic consumers (33%): endorse pleasure and sensation-seeking motives, as well as functional and taste motives; and (iv) intoxication-related consumers (12%): endorsed motives related to feeling in control of intoxication, as well as hedonistic, functional, and taste motives. The consumer subgroups typically did not differ on demographics, other drug use, alcohol and ED use, and AmED risk taking. The patterns of motivations for the 4-class model were similar for the university student sample. Conclusions: This study indicated the existence of 4 subgroups of AmED consumers based on their patterns of motivations for AmED use consistently structured across the community and university student sample. These findings lend support to the growing conceptualization of AmED consumers as a heterogeneous group in regard to motivations for use, with a hierarchical and cumulative class order in regard to the number of types of motivation for AmED use. Prospective research may endeavor to link session-specific motives and outcomes, as it is apparent that primary consumption motives may be fluid between sessions.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/acer.12729
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920299 Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Wiley
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30074343

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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Created: Mon, 13 Jul 2015, 14:39:28 EST

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