Correlates and motives of pre-drinking with intoxication and harm around licensed venues in two cities

Miller, Peter, Droste, Nic, de Groot, Florentine, Palmer, Darren, Tindall, Jennifer, Busija, Lucy, Hyder, Shannon, Gilham, Karen and Wiggers, John 2016, Correlates and motives of pre-drinking with intoxication and harm around licensed venues in two cities, Drug and alcohol review, vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 177-186, doi: 10.1111/dar.12274.

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Title Correlates and motives of pre-drinking with intoxication and harm around licensed venues in two cities
Author(s) Miller, PeterORCID iD for Miller, Peter
Droste, Nic
de Groot, FlorentineORCID iD for de Groot, Florentine
Palmer, DarrenORCID iD for Palmer, Darren
Tindall, Jennifer
Busija, Lucy
Hyder, ShannonORCID iD for Hyder, Shannon
Gilham, Karen
Wiggers, John
Journal name Drug and alcohol review
Volume number 35
Issue number 2
Start page 177
End page 186
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-03
ISSN 0959-5236
Keyword(s) aggression
alcohol drinking
alcoholic beverage
alcoholic intoxication
Summary INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The study investigates the prevalence of pre-drinking culture in the night-time economy (NTE) and its impact upon intoxication and alcohol-related harm and violence experienced by patrons. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional surveys were conducted in and around licensed venues in Newcastle (NSW) and Geelong (Victoria) during peak trading hours (typically 9pm-1am). Participants completed a five minute structured interview which targeted: demographics, past and planned movements on the survey night, safety/experience of harm, and patron intoxication. 3949 people agreed to be interviewed, a response rate of 90.7%. Around half (54.9%) of interviewees were male and mean age was 24.4 years (SD = 5.8). RESULTS: 66.8% of participants reported pre-drinking prior to attending licensed venues. On a 1-10 scale measuring self-rated intoxication, pre-drinkers scored significantly higher compared to non pre-drinkers (P < 0.001). Compared to non-pre-drinkers, patrons who had consumed 6-10 standard pre-drinks were 1.5 times more likely to be involved in a violent incident in the past 12 months (OR = 1.50, 95%CI 1.03-2.19, P = 0.037) increasing to 1.8 times more likely for patrons who had 11-15 drinks (OR = 1.80, 95%CI 1.04-3.11 P = .036). Pre-drinking was also associated with both self-rated and observer-rated intoxication, as well as increased probability of illicit drug use. Amongst pre-drinkers, price was the most commonly reported motive for pre-drinking (51.8%). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: 'Pre-drinking' was normal behaviour in the current sample and contributes significantly to the burden of harm and intoxication in the NTE. Price disparity between packaged vs. venue liquor is a key motivator for pre-drinking.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/dar.12274
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920414 Substance Abuse
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Wiley-Blackwell Publishing
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