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Cross-cultural comparison of motor competence in children from Australia and Belgium

Bardid, Farid, Rudd, James R., Lenoir, Matthieu, Polman, Remco and Barnett, Lisa M. 2015, Cross-cultural comparison of motor competence in children from Australia and Belgium, Frontiers in psychology, vol. 6, no. 964, pp. 1-8, doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00964.

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Title Cross-cultural comparison of motor competence in children from Australia and Belgium
Author(s) Bardid, Farid
Rudd, James R.
Lenoir, Matthieu
Polman, Remco
Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M. orcid.org/0000-0002-9731-625X
Journal name Frontiers in psychology
Volume number 6
Issue number 964
Start page 1
End page 8
Total pages 8
Publisher Frontiers Media
Place of publication Los Angeles, Calif.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1664-1078
Keyword(s) Australia
Belgium
KTK
children
cross-cultural comparison
motor assessment
motor competence
Social Sciences
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Psychology
FUNDAMENTAL MOVEMENT SKILLS
BODY-MASS INDEX
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
PRESCHOOL-CHILDREN
ASSESSMENT BATTERY
FUR KINDER
CHILDHOOD
VALIDITY
FITNESS
HEALTH
Summary Motor competence in childhood is an important determinant of physical activity and physical fitness in later life. However, childhood competence levels in many countries are lower than desired. Due to the many different motor skill instruments in use, children's motor competence across countries is rarely compared. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the motor competence of children from Australia and Belgium using the Körperkoordinationstest für Kinder (KTK). The sample consisted of 244 (43.4% boys) Belgian children and 252 (50.0% boys) Australian children, aged 6-8 years. A MANCOVA for the motor scores showed a significant country effect. Belgian children scored higher on jumping sideways, moving sideways and hopping for height but not for balancing backwards. Moreover, a Chi squared test revealed significant differences between the Belgian and Australian score distribution with 21.3% Belgian and 39.3% Australian children scoring "below average." The very low levels reported by Australian children may be the result of cultural differences in physical activity contexts such as physical education and active transport. When compared to normed scores, both samples scored significantly worse than children 40 years ago. The decline in children's motor competence is a global issue, largely influenced by increasing sedentary behavior and a decline in physical activity.
Language eng
DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00964
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Frontiers Media
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30074925

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.