Examining the prevalence of type-D personality in an Australian population

Horwood, Sharon, Chamravi, Daniel and Tooley, Greg 2015, Examining the prevalence of type-D personality in an Australian population, Australian psychologist, vol. 50, no. 3, pp. 212-218.

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Title Examining the prevalence of type-D personality in an Australian population
Author(s) Horwood, SharonORCID iD for Horwood, Sharon orcid.org/0000-0003-1943-643X
Chamravi, Daniel
Tooley, GregORCID iD for Tooley, Greg orcid.org/0000-0003-0191-3285
Journal name Australian psychologist
Volume number 50
Issue number 3
Start page 212
End page 218
Total pages 7
Publisher Australian Psychological Society
Place of publication St. Lucia, Qld.
Publication date 2015-01-01
ISSN 0005-0067
1742-9544
Keyword(s) Social Sciences
Psychology, Multidisciplinary
Psychology
chronic illness
health behaviour
health outcomes
personality
social support
type-D personality
CORONARY HEART-DISEASE
MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
LIFE EVENTS
HEALTH
DS14
MORTALITY
ADULTS
Summary © 2015 The Australian Psychological Society. Objective: Type-D personality is a construct that describes a tendency to simultaneously experience negative emotions and inhibit self-expression for fear of negative social judgement. The link between type-D and poor health outcomes may be partly mediated by two prominent psychosocial mechanisms, poor-quality health-related behaviour and poor perceived-social support. Method: The present study replicated and extended a 2008 UK and Irish prevalence study, utilising a sample from the Australian general population. The study aimed to investigate the relationship between type-D personality and subjective levels of social support, health-related behaviours and neuroticism, as well as examining the estimated prevalence rate of type-D in the general Australian population. Nine hundred and fifty five Australian participants over the age of 18 (194 male and 761 female) completed four measures assessing levels of type-D personality, quality of health-related behaviours, perceived-social support and neuroticism. Results: As hypothesised, the estimated prevalence rate was not found to be significantly different from the rate obtained by Williams etal. (2008). In addition, type-D individuals reported significantly lower perceived-social support and poorer-quality health behaviours than non-type-D individuals. Conclusions: The results of this study provide further support for the association of type-D personality with poor health-related behaviours and poor perceived-social support, as well as demonstrating the applicability of the type-D construct to the Australian general population for the first time. General healthcare applications are discussed, as well as the potential for type-D personality research to influence public illness prevention in general.
Language eng
Field of Research 170299
1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30075016

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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