Departure fuel loads in time-minimizing migrating birds can be explained by the energy costs of being heavy

Klaassen, Marcel and Lindström, Ake 1996, Departure fuel loads in time-minimizing migrating birds can be explained by the energy costs of being heavy, Journal of theoretical biology, vol. 183, no. 1, pp. 29-34, doi: 10.1006/jtbi.1996.0198.

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Title Departure fuel loads in time-minimizing migrating birds can be explained by the energy costs of being heavy
Author(s) Klaassen, MarcelORCID iD for Klaassen, Marcel
Lindström, Ake
Journal name Journal of theoretical biology
Volume number 183
Issue number 1
Start page 29
End page 34
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 1996-11-07
ISSN 0022-5193
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Mathematical & Computational Biology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine - Other Topics
Summary Lindstrom and Alerstam presented a model that predicts optimal departure fuel loads as a function of the rate of fuel deposition in time-minimizing migrants. The basis of the model is that the coverable distance per unit of fuel deposited, diminishes with increasing fuel load. This is an effect of the increasing flight costs associated with increasing body mass. Lindstrom and Alerstam (1992) found that birds left at lower fuel loads than their model predicted for which they considered various ecological explanations. Alternatively, we hypothesize that the difference between prediction and empirical data might be a result of extra resting metabolic and transport costs associated with an increase in fuel load during stopover. We develop a new version of the Lindstrom and Alerstam (1992) model taking fuel load associated costs during stopover into account. We fit empirical data from rufous hummingbirds Selasphorus rufus and bluethroats Luscinia svecica to this new model. Estimated fuel-load costs are discussed in relation to knowledge presently available on variations in basal metabolic costs and transport costs with body mass. We show that fuel-load costs within a reasonable range can explain the observed departure fuel loads when migrating birds are time minimizers.
Language eng
DOI 10.1006/jtbi.1996.0198
Field of Research 060603 Animal Physiology - Systems
Socio Economic Objective 970106 Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©1996, Elsevier
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