From chemical warfare to peace

Schultz, Madeline and Lim, Kieran F. 2014, From chemical warfare to peace, Chemistry in Australia, no. May (2014), pp. 16-19.

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Title From chemical warfare to peace
Author(s) Schultz, Madeline
Lim, Kieran F.ORCID iD for Lim, Kieran F.
Journal name Chemistry in Australia
Issue number May (2014)
Start page 16
End page 19
Total pages 4
Publisher Royal Australian Chemical Institute (RACI)
Place of publication North Melbourne, Vic.
Publication date 2014
ISSN 0314-4240
Keyword(s) journal Royal Australian Chemical Institute (RACI) chemical education chemistry education Science as a Human Endeavour (SHE) chemical warfare Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Warfare (OPCW) Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC) Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction
Summary Following the horrors of chemical warfare in two World Wars and the Vietnam War (see box), the international community worked to develop an encompassing treaty to prevent the use of chemical weapons. After extensive work, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Development, Production, Stockpiling and Use of Chemical Weapons and on their Destruction came into force in 1997. Commonly known as the Chemical Weapons Convention (CWC), it requires member states to declare and destroy chemical weapons and provides for inspection of facilities and investigation into alleged use. The CWC has been ratified by 190 countries and is administered by the Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Warfare (OPCW). In 2013, the OPCW won the Nobel Peace prize "for its extensive efforts to eliminate chemical weapons". Notable in the official announcement is the reminder that neither the US nor Russia met the 2012 deadline for destruction of their stockpiles of chemical weapons, although both have made significant progress. In July 2005, an invitational joint International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC)/OPCW Conference concluded that for the work of OPCW to succeed and be sustainable, engagement in formal educational contexts and public outreach was needed. To this end, the Multiple Uses of Chemicals website
Language eng
Field of Research 130199 Education Systems not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 930402 School/Institution Community and Environment
HERDC Research category C3 Non-refereed articles in a professional journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Royal Australian Chemical Institute
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