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Kinanthropometric differences between 1997 World championship junior elite and 2011 national junior elite triathletes

Landers, Grant J., Ong, Kuan Boon, Ackland, Timothy R., Blanksby, Brian A., Main, Luana C. and Smith, Darren 2013, Kinanthropometric differences between 1997 World championship junior elite and 2011 national junior elite triathletes, Journal of science and medicine in sport, vol. 16, no. 5, pp. 444-449, doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2012.09.006.

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Title Kinanthropometric differences between 1997 World championship junior elite and 2011 national junior elite triathletes
Author(s) Landers, Grant J.
Ong, Kuan Boon
Ackland, Timothy R.
Blanksby, Brian A.
Main, Luana C.ORCID iD for Main, Luana C. orcid.org/0000-0002-9576-9466
Smith, Darren
Journal name Journal of science and medicine in sport
Volume number 16
Issue number 5
Start page 444
End page 449
Total pages 6
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2013-09
ISSN 1878-1861
Keyword(s) Anthropometry
Morphology
Proportionality
Somatotype
Triathlon
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Sport Sciences
OLYMPIC-TRIATHLON
RUNNING ECONOMY
PERFORMANCE
ADAPTATIONS
DISTANCE
SUCCESS
CYCLE
Summary OBJECTIVES: In 1997, anthropometry measures were made to determine the body size and shapes of both senior and junior elite triathletes. Since then, the junior event distance has changed and the optimal morphology of participants may have evolved. Thus the objective of this study was to compare the morphology of 1997 World championship junior elite triathlon competitors with junior elite competitors in 2011. DESIGN: Comparative study of junior elite triathlete kinanthropometry. METHODS: Twenty-nine males and 20 females junior elite competitors in the 1997 Triathlon World Championships underwent 26 anthropometric measurements. Results were compared with 28 male and 14 female junior elite triathletes who competed in the 2011 Australian National Junior Series, as qualifying for 2011 Triathlon World Championships. Comparisons were made on the raw scores, as well as somatotype, and body proportional scores. RESULTS: Both male and female junior elite triathletes in the 2011 group were significantly more ectomorphic than their 1997 counterparts. The 2011 triathletes were also proportionally lighter, with significantly smaller flexed arm and thigh girths, and femur breadths. The 2011 males recorded significantly longer segmental lengths and lower endomorphy values than the 1997 junior males. CONCLUSIONS: Junior elite triathlete morphology has evolved during the past 14 years possibly as a result of changing race distance and race tactics, highlighting the importance of continually monitoring and updating such anthropometric data.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.jsams.2012.09.006
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1117 Public Health And Health Services
119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30076258

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