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The socio-environmental determinants of railway suicide: a systematic review

Too, Lay San, Milner, Allison, Bugeja, Lyndal and McClure, Roderick 2014, The socio-environmental determinants of railway suicide: a systematic review, BMC public health, vol. 14, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-20.

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Title The socio-environmental determinants of railway suicide: a systematic review
Author(s) Too, Lay San
Milner, Allison
Bugeja, Lyndal
McClure, Roderick
Journal name BMC public health
Volume number 14
Article ID 20
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2014-01-10
ISSN 1471-2458
Summary Background: Railway suicide has significant adverse impacts for the victims, their family and friends, witnessesto the incident, general public and train network. There is no previous review on the socio-environmental factorsand railway suicide. The research question asked in this review was: ‘What socio-environmental risk and protectivepredictors are significantly associated with railway suicide?’Methods: The review searched Medline, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Scopus for English-language studies thatassessed the associations between socio-environmental (i.e. geographical, physical, economic and social) factorsand railway suicide from their inception to June 2013. It was reported based on the PRISMA Statement.Results: Eleven studies met the inclusion criteria. They were categorised into railway environments (availability ofrailways and trains, accessibility to railways and familiarity with trains), population characteristics and impact ofmedia reporting. Findings from ecological studies using population level railway suicide data suggested weak andinconsistent evidence for the first two categories. The evidence on the impact of media reporting was moderatelystrong, with irresponsible media reporting being associated with an increased risk of railway suicide.Conclusions: There is a need for further research activity to strengthen evidence about socio-environmental riskfactors for railway suicide. The focus of this research should be on the factors that determine individuals’ decisionsof using the railway as a method of suicide, with the consideration of a range of geographical, physical, social, andeconomic factors.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/1471-2458-14-20
Field of Research 119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, The Authors
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30076553

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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Unless expressly stated otherwise, the copyright for items in DRO is owned by the author, with all rights reserved.

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.