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The role of under-employment and unemployment in recent birth cohort effects in Australian suicide

Page, Andrew, Milner, Allison, Morrell, Stephen and Taylor, Richard 2013, The role of under-employment and unemployment in recent birth cohort effects in Australian suicide, Social science & medicine, vol. 93, pp. 155-162, doi: 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.03.039.

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Title The role of under-employment and unemployment in recent birth cohort effects in Australian suicide
Author(s) Page, Andrew
Milner, Allison
Morrell, Stephen
Taylor, Richard
Journal name Social science & medicine
Volume number 93
Start page 155
End page 162
Total pages 8
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2013-09
ISSN 0277-9536
1873-5347
Keyword(s) suicide
employment
cohort effects
APC models
Australia
Adolescent
Adult
Age Distribution
Cohort Studies
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Risk Factors
Sex Distribution
Unemployment
Young Adult
Summary High suicide rates evident in Australian young adults during an epidemic period in the 1990s appear to have been sustained in older age-groups in the subsequent decade. This period also coincides with changes in employment patterns in Australia. This study investigates age, period, and birth cohort effects in Australian suicide over the 20th century, with particular reference to the period subsequent to the 1990s youth suicide epidemic in young males. Period- and cohort-specific trends in suicide were examined for 1907-2010 based on descriptive analysis of age-specific suicide rates and a series of age—period—cohort (APC) models using Poisson regression. Under-employment rates (those employed part-time seeking additional hours of work) and unemployment rates (those currently seeking employment) for the latter part of this time series (1978-2010) were also examined and compared with period- and cohort-specific trends in suicide. A significant increasing birth cohort effect in male suicide rates was evident in birth cohorts born after 1970-74, after adjusting for the effects age and period. An increasing birth cohort effect was also evident in female suicide rates, but was of a lesser magnitude. Increases in male cohort-specific suicide rates were significantly correlated with increases in cohort-specific under-employment and unemployment rates. Birth cohorts that experienced the peak of the suicide epidemic during the 1990s have continued to have higher suicide rates than cohorts born in earlier epochs. This increase coincides with changes to a labour force characterised by greater 'flexibility' and 'casualised' employment, especially in younger aged cohorts.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.socscimed.2013.03.039
Field of Research 170199 Psychology not elsewhere classified
1117 Public Health And Health Services
1601 Anthropology
1608 Sociology
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2013, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30076556

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