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Food sources of total energy and nutrients among U.S. infants and toddlers: national health and nutrition examination survey 2005-2012

Grimes, Carly A., Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A., Campbell, Karen J. and Nicklas, Theresa A. 2015, Food sources of total energy and nutrients among U.S. infants and toddlers: national health and nutrition examination survey 2005-2012, Nutrients, vol. 7, no. 8, pp. 6797-6836, doi: 10.3390/nu7085310.

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Title Food sources of total energy and nutrients among U.S. infants and toddlers: national health and nutrition examination survey 2005-2012
Author(s) Grimes, Carly A.ORCID iD for Grimes, Carly A. orcid.org/0000-0002-9123-1888
Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A.ORCID iD for Szymlek-Gay, Ewa A. orcid.org/0000-0002-6533-7945
Campbell, Karen J.ORCID iD for Campbell, Karen J. orcid.org/0000-0002-4499-3396
Nicklas, Theresa A.
Journal name Nutrients
Volume number 7
Issue number 8
Start page 6797
End page 6836
Total pages 40
Publisher MDPI AG
Place of publication Basel, Switzerland
Publication date 2015
ISSN 2072-6643
Keyword(s) National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)
energy
food sources
infants
nutrients
toddlers
Summary Understanding the dietary intakes of infants and toddlers is important because early life nutrition influences future health outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine the dietary sources of total energy and 16 nutrients in a nationally representative sample of U.S. infants and toddlers aged 0-24 months. Data from the 2005-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were analyzed. Dietary intake was assessed in 2740 subjects using one 24-h dietary recall. The population proportion was used to determine the contribution of foods and beverages to nutrient intakes. Overall infant formulas and baby foods were the leading sources of total energy and nutrients in infants aged 0-11.9 months. In toddlers, the diversity of food groups contributing to nutrient intakes was much greater. Important sources of total energy included milk, 100% juice and grain based mixed dishes. A number of foods of low nutritional quality also contributed to energy intakes including sweet bakery products, sugar-sweetened beverages and savory snacks. Overall non-flavored milks and ready-to-eat cereals were the most important contributors to micronutrient intakes. In conclusion this information can be used to guide parents regarding appropriate food selection as well as inform targeted dietary strategies within public health initiatives to improve the diets of infants and toddlers.
Language eng
DOI 10.3390/nu7085310
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, MDPI AG
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077036

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Thu, 27 Aug 2015, 09:36:45 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.