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Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors: review and research agenda

Koohsari, Mohammad Javad, Sugiyama, Takemi, Sahlqvist, Shannon, Mavoa, Suzanne, Hadgraft, Nyssa and Owen, Neville 2015, Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors: review and research agenda, Preventative medicine, vol. 77, pp. 141-149, doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.027.

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Title Neighborhood environmental attributes and adults' sedentary behaviors: review and research agenda
Author(s) Koohsari, Mohammad Javad
Sugiyama, Takemi
Sahlqvist, ShannonORCID iD for Sahlqvist, Shannon orcid.org/0000-0002-3714-9533
Mavoa, Suzanne
Hadgraft, Nyssa
Owen, Neville
Journal name Preventative medicine
Volume number 77
Start page 141
End page 149
Total pages 9
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2015-08
ISSN 1096-0260
Keyword(s) Leisure
Sitting time
Transportation
Urban design
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Public, Environmental & Occupational Health
Medicine, General & Internal
General & Internal Medicine
TELEVISION VIEWING TIME
PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
COMMUNITY DESIGN
LEISURE-TIME
OLDER-ADULTS
12 COUNTRIES
LIFE-STYLE
IPEN ADULT
US ADULTS
WALKABILITY
Summary OBJECTIVE: Physical activity recommendations are beginning to address sedentary behaviors - time spent sitting. Environmental and policy initiatives for physical activity might assist in addressing sedentary behaviors, but sedentary-specific innovations may be required. This review synthesizes current evidence on associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. METHODS: A search was conducted using three electronic databases (PubMed, Web of Science, and Transport Research Information Services). Relevant articles were assessed for their eligibility for inclusion (English-language articles with a quantitative examination of associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors). RESULTS: Within 17 studies meeting inclusion criteria, associations of environmental attributes with sedentary behaviors were examined in 89 instances. Significant associations were found in 28% (n=25) of them; however, non-significant associations were found in 56% (n=50) of these instances. The most consistent association was for lower levels of sedentary behavior among residents of urban compared to regional areas. CONCLUSIONS: There is a modest but mixed initial evidence in associations of neighborhood environmental attributes with adults' sedentary behaviors. A research agenda required for this emerging field should include the development of more relevant conceptual models, measuring domain-specific sedentary behavior objectively, examining environments in close vicinity of and a larger area around home, and the use of prospective designs.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.05.027
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077113

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Thu, 17 Sep 2015, 14:59:56 EST

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