Maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms, self-esteem, body dissatisfaction and preschooler obesity: a cross-sectional study

Benton, Pree, Skouteris, Helen and Hayden, Melissa 2016, Maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms, self-esteem, body dissatisfaction and preschooler obesity: a cross-sectional study, Early child development and care, vol. 186, no. 5, pp. 799-814, doi: 10.1080/03004430.2015.1061519.

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Title Maternal depressive and anxiety symptoms, self-esteem, body dissatisfaction and preschooler obesity: a cross-sectional study
Author(s) Benton, Pree
Skouteris, Helen
Hayden, MelissaORCID iD for Hayden, Melissa orcid.org/0000-0002-4837-5894
Journal name Early child development and care
Volume number 186
Issue number 5
Start page 799
End page 814
Total pages 16
Publisher Taylor and Francis
Place of publication Abingdon, Eng.
Publication date 2016
ISSN 0300-4430
1476-8275
Keyword(s) obesity
preschooler
maternal depression
maternal body dissatisfaction
early childhood
Summary The primary aim of the present study was to cross-sectionally examine the associations between maternal psychosocial variables, child feeding practices, and preschooler body mass index z-score (BMI-z) in children (aged 2–4 years). A secondary aim was to examine differences in child weight outcomes between mothers scoring above and below specified cut-offs on the psychosocial measures. Two hundred and ninety mother–child dyads were recruited from Melbourne, Australia, and completed questionnaires examining demographic information, mothers’ depressive and anxiety symptoms, self-esteem and body dissatisfaction, restrictive and pressure child feeding practices, and preschoolers’ BMI-z scores. Independent t-tests and hierarchical multiple regression were employed to analyse the data. In the final regression model, none of the maternal psychosocial measures or feeding practices predicted child BMI-z scores; maternal body mass index and employment status were the only predictors of preschooler BMI-z. However, independent t-tests revealed that children of mothers with elevated body dissatisfaction scores had significantly higher BMI-z scores than children of mothers without elevated scores. The results suggest that psychosocial variables are not related, cross-sectionally, to preschooler weight outcomes; however, further research is needed to replicate the group differences noted between mothers with and without body dissatisfaction, and to track these relationships longitudinally.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/03004430.2015.1061519
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
1301 Education Systems
1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920507 Women's Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Taylor and Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077224

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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