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Circadian rhythms in exercise performance: implications for hormonal and muscular adaptation

Teo, Weipeng, Newton, Michael J. and McGuigan, Michael R. 2011, Circadian rhythms in exercise performance: implications for hormonal and muscular adaptation, Journal of sports science and medicine, vol. 10, no. 4, pp. 600-606.

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Title Circadian rhythms in exercise performance: implications for hormonal and muscular adaptation
Author(s) Teo, WeipengORCID iD for Teo, Weipeng
Newton, Michael J.
McGuigan, Michael R.
Journal name Journal of sports science and medicine
Volume number 10
Issue number 4
Start page 600
End page 606
Total pages 7
Publisher Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Place of publication Bursa, Turkey
Publication date 2011-12
ISSN 1303-2968
Keyword(s) diurnal variation
steroidal hormones
neuromuscular adaptation
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Sport Sciences
Summary Almost all physiological and biochemical processes within the human body follow a circadian rhythm (CR). In humans, the suprachiasmatic nucleus regulates sleep- wake cycle and other daily biorhythms in line with solar time. Due to such daily physiological fluctuations, several investigations on neuromuscular performance have reported a distinct CR during exercise. Generally, peak performances have been found to occur in the early evening, at approximately the peak of core body temperature. The increase in core body temperature has been found to increase energy metabolism, improve muscle compliance and facilitate actin-myosin crossbridging. In addition, steroidal hormones such as testosterone (T) and cortisol (C) also display a clear CR. The role of T within the body is to maintain anabolism through the process of protein synthesis. By contrast, C plays a catabolic function and is involved in the response of stress. Due to the anabolic and catabolic nature of both T and C, it has been postulated that a causal relationship may exist between the CR of T and C and muscular performance. This review will therefore discuss the effects of CR on physical performance and its implications for training. Furthermore, this review will examine the impact of muscular performance on CR in hormonal responses and whether could variations in T and C be potentially beneficial for muscular adaptation. Key pointsA distinct CR can be observed in physical performance.CR of exercise performance is highly associated with CR in core body temperatureBoth T and C display a clear CR, however, the current evidence does not show a clear relationship with neuromuscular adaptations.TST is able to induce changes in physical performance variables at the particular time point, but not for the circadian profile of T and C.
Language eng
Field of Research 110601 Biomechanics
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
0913 Mechanical Engineering
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2011, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
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