Securitising participation in the Philippines: KALAHI and community-driven participation

Reid, Ben 2011, Securitising participation in the Philippines: KALAHI and community-driven participation, Journal of contemporary Asia, vol. 41, no. 1, pp. 47-74.

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Title Securitising participation in the Philippines: KALAHI and community-driven participation
Author(s) Reid, Ben
Journal name Journal of contemporary Asia
Volume number 41
Issue number 1
Start page 47
End page 74
Total pages 28
Publisher Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2011
ISSN 1752-7554
Keyword(s) Development
Summary Participatory approaches to development have been implemented increasingly. One form is the World Bank’s community-driven development (CDD) programme. Participation has, also, become increasingly securitised since 2001. One instance of these trends was the Kapit-Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan (KALAHI) project in the Philippines. This paper examines the implementation of CDD and the problems of its securitisation, using the Philippines as a case study. A composite conceptual framework is advanced that draws upon the international analyses of development. Adapting the concepts of securitisation and de-politicisation, it argues that a new hegemonic-development framework has appeared: the Securitised-Washington consensus. The analysis assesses these trends through the examples of KALAHI and Philippine politics and economics. It suggests that securitised CDD projects result in token efforts at political reform and poverty alleviation that often are contradicted by counter-trends towards development decline and militarisation. Unless these deep-rooted problems are confronted, localised participation is likely to remain ineffectual.
Language eng
Field of Research 160607 International Relations
160505 Economic Development Policy
Socio Economic Objective 940107 Comparative Structure and Development of Community Services
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2011, Taylor & Francis (Routledge)
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