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Individual, school-related and family characteristics distinguish co-occurrence of drinking and depressive symptoms in very young adolescents

Salom, Caroline L., Kelly, Adrian B., Alati, Rosa, Williams, Gail M., Patton, George C. and Williams, Joanne W. 2016, Individual, school-related and family characteristics distinguish co-occurrence of drinking and depressive symptoms in very young adolescents, Drug and alcohol review, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 387-396, doi: 10.1111/dar.12303.

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Title Individual, school-related and family characteristics distinguish co-occurrence of drinking and depressive symptoms in very young adolescents
Author(s) Salom, Caroline L.
Kelly, Adrian B.
Alati, Rosa
Williams, Gail M.
Patton, George C.
Williams, Joanne W.
Journal name Drug and alcohol review
Volume number 35
Issue number 4
Start page 387
End page 396
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-07
ISSN 1465-3362
Keyword(s) adolescence
alcohol
comorbidity
depression
prevention
risk factor
Summary INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Alcohol misuse and depressed mood are common during early adolescence, and comorbidity of these conditions in adulthood is associated with poorer health and social outcomes, yet little research has examined the co-occurrence of these problems at early adolescence. This study assessed risky and protective characteristics of pre-teens with concurrent depressed mood/early alcohol use in a large school-based sample. DESIGN AND METHODS: School children aged 10-14 years (n = 7289) from late primary and early secondary school classes in government, Catholic and independent sectors participated with parental consent in the cross-sectional Healthy Neighbourhoods Study. Key measures included depressed mood, recent alcohol use, school mobility, family relationship quality, school engagement and coping style. Multinomial logistic regression analyses were used to identify school and family-related factors that distinguished those with co-occurring drinking and depressive symptoms from those with either single condition. Gender and school-level interactions for each factor were evaluated. RESULTS: Co-occurring conditions were reported by 5.7% of students [confidence interval (CI)95 5.19, 6.19]. Recent drinkers were more likely than non-drinkers to have symptoms consistent with depression (odds ratio 1.80; CI95 1.58, 2.03). Low school commitment was associated with co-occurring drinking/depressive symptoms (odds ratio 2.86; CI95 2.25, 3.65 compared with null condition). This association appeared to be weaker in the presence of adaptive stress-coping skills (odds ratio 0.18; CI95 0.14, 0.23). CONCLUSIONS: We have identified factors that distinguish pre-teens with very early co-occurrence of drinking and depressed mood, and protective factors with potential utility for school-based prevention programmes targeting these conditions. [Salom CL, Kelly AB, Alati R, Williams GM, Patton GC, Williams JW. Individual, school-related and family characteristics distinguish co-occurrence of drinking and depressive symptoms in very young adolescents. Drug Alcohol Rev 2015].
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/dar.12303
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920414 Substance Abuse
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Wiley
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077666

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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