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Slight/mild sensorineural hearing loss in children

Wake, Melissa, Tobin, Sherryn, Cone-Wesson, Barbara, Dahl, Hans-Henrik, Gillam, Lynn, McCormick, Lisa, Poulakis, Zeffie, Rickards, Field W., Saunders, Kerryn, Ukoumunne, Obioha C. and Williams, Joanne 2006, Slight/mild sensorineural hearing loss in children, Pediatrics, vol. 118, no. 5, pp. 1842-1851, doi: 10.1542/peds.2005-3168.

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Title Slight/mild sensorineural hearing loss in children
Author(s) Wake, Melissa
Tobin, Sherryn
Cone-Wesson, Barbara
Dahl, Hans-Henrik
Gillam, Lynn
McCormick, Lisa
Poulakis, Zeffie
Rickards, Field W.
Saunders, Kerryn
Ukoumunne, Obioha C.
Williams, JoanneORCID iD for Williams, Joanne orcid.org/0000-0002-5633-1592
Journal name Pediatrics
Volume number 118
Issue number 5
Start page 1842
End page 1851
Total pages 10
Publisher American Academy of Pediatrics
Place of publication Elk Grove Villiage, Ill.
Publication date 2006-11
ISSN 1098-4275
Keyword(s) Child
Cross-Sectional Studies
Female
Hearing Loss, Sensorineural
Humans
Male
Prevalence
Severity of Illness Index
hearing loss
child development
outcomes
Summary OBJECTIVE: The goal was to determine the prevalence and effects of slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss among children in elementary school. METHODS: A cross-sectional, cluster-sample survey of 6581 children (response: 85%; grade 1: n = 3367; grade 5: n = 3214) in 89 schools in Melbourne, Australia, was performed. Slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was defined as a low-frequency pure-tone average across 0.5, 1, and 2 kHz and/or a high-frequency pure-tone average across 3, 4, and 6 kHz of 16 to 40 dB hearing level in the better ear, with air/bone-conduction gaps of < 10 dB. Parents reported children's health-related quality of life and behavior. Each child with slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss, matched to 2 normally hearing children (low-frequency pure-tone average and high-frequency pure-tone average of < or = 15 dB hearing level in both ears), completed standardized assessments. Whole-sample comparisons were adjusted for type of school, grade level, and gender, and matched-sample comparisons were adjusted for nonverbal IQ scores. RESULTS: Fifty-five children (0.88%) had slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss. Children with and without sensorineural hearing loss scored similarly in language (mean: 97.2 vs 99.7), reading (101.1 vs 102.8), behavior (8.4 vs 7.0), and parent- and child-reported child health-related quality of life (77.6 vs 80.0 and 76.1 vs 77.0, respectively), but phonologic short-term memory was poorer (91.0 vs 102.8) in the sensorineural hearing loss group. CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss was lower than reported in previous studies. There was no strong evidence that slight/mild bilateral sensorineural hearing loss affects adversely language, reading, behavior, or health-related quality of life in children who are otherwise healthy and of normal intelligence.
Language eng
DOI 10.1542/peds.2005-3168
Field of Research 111704 Community Child Health
11 Medical And Health Sciences
17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, American Academy of Pediatrics
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077679

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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