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Determinants of serum levels of retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol in men and women born in Australia, Greece and Italy

Ireland, Paul, Jolley, Damien, Giles, Graham, Powles, John, O'Dea, Kerin, Hopper, John, Williams, Joanne and Rutishauser, Ingrid 1994, Determinants of serum levels of retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol in men and women born in Australia, Greece and Italy, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 169-177.

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Title Determinants of serum levels of retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol in men and women born in Australia, Greece and Italy
Author(s) Ireland, Paul
Jolley, Damien
Giles, Graham
Powles, John
O'Dea, Kerin
Hopper, John
Williams, JoanneORCID iD for Williams, Joanne orcid.org/0000-0002-5633-1592
Rutishauser, Ingrid
Journal name Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 3
Issue number 4
Start page 169
End page 177
Total pages 9
Publisher H E C Press
Place of publication Wellington, Vic.
Publication date 1994-12
ISSN 0964-7058
Summary Serum retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol levels were measured in a volunteer sample of 764 Australian-, Greek- and Italian-born adult residents of Melbourne, Australia. There was no difference among the ethnic groups in mean levels of serum retinol or α-tocopherol. Mean β-carotene levels were between 11 and 22% higher for Australian-born subjects. Serum β-carotene was higher in females, retinol was higher in males. The serum levels of retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol were significantly positively associated with serum cholesterol. Serum triglyceride was positively associated with serum retinol and α-tocopherol but negatively associated with serum -β-carotene. A positive association with retinol and an inverse association with β-carotene was found for alcohol consumption. Serum α-tocopherol was positively associated with dietary vitamin E. Serum β-carotene was correlated with carotene intake among subjects who had never smoked. Serum retinol increased with age in women only. These data provide a degree of cross-cultural robustness to previous findings in regard to the determinants of serum retinol, β-carotene and α-tocopherol in healthy men and women.
Language eng
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©[1994, H E C Press]
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077685

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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