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Development of the Melbourne FFQ: a food frequency questionnaire for use in an Australian prospective study involving an ethnically diverse cohort

Ireland, Paul, Jolley, Damien, Giles, Graham, O'Dea, Kerin, Powles, John, Rutishauser, Ingrid, Wahlqvist, Mark L. and Williams, Joanne 1994, Development of the Melbourne FFQ: a food frequency questionnaire for use in an Australian prospective study involving an ethnically diverse cohort, Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 19-31.

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Title Development of the Melbourne FFQ: a food frequency questionnaire for use in an Australian prospective study involving an ethnically diverse cohort
Author(s) Ireland, Paul
Jolley, Damien
Giles, Graham
O'Dea, Kerin
Powles, John
Rutishauser, Ingrid
Wahlqvist, Mark L.
Williams, JoanneORCID iD for Williams, Joanne orcid.org/0000-0002-5633-1592
Journal name Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
Volume number 3
Issue number 1
Start page 19
End page 31
Total pages 13
Publisher H E C Press
Place of publication Wellington, Vic.
Publication date 1994-03
ISSN 0964-7058
Summary Objective. To develop an optically scannable food frequency questionnaire (FFQ), 'The Melbourne FFQ', suitable for classifying Australian-, Greek- and Italian-born individuals into quantiles of intake for a range of foods and nutrients. The FFQ would provide the primary measure of dietary exposure in a prospective cohort study. Design. The FFQ was modelled on that used for the (US) Nurses' Health Study. Food items were chosen on the basis of their relative contribution to the intake of a range of nutrients computed from weighed food records. Setting. Metropolitan Melbourne, Australia, a city of 3 million people, of whom 75.5% were born in Australia, 2.7% were born in Italy and 1.7% were born in Greece. Participants. Weighed Food Survey (1987-1989): A volunteer sample of 810 healthy middle-aged (40-69 years) men and women of whom 35% were born in Greece, 33% were born in Italy, and 32% were born in Australia. Melbourne Collaborative Cohort Study (1990-1993): A volunteer sample of 17 949 healthy men and women aged between 40 and 69 years of whom 61% were born in Australia, 21% were born in Italy and 17% were born in Greece. Results. A 121 item FFQ was developed, together with a customized nutrient database. The optical scanning format was generally well received with the majority of subjects requiring no assistance. The FFQ appeared to overestimate the consumption of fruit and vegetables. Conclusions. The Melbourne FFQ provides a convenient method of measuring habitual dietary intake in a large population setting. A separate study is required to assess how well the instrument characterizes diet at the level of the individual.
Language eng
Field of Research 1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
Socio Economic Objective 920411 Nutrition
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©[1994, HEC Press]
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077687

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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