The influence of sex, temperament, risk-taking and mental health on the emergence of gambling: a longitudinal study of young people

Yücel, Murat, Whittle, Sarah, Youssef, George J, Kashyap, Himani, Simmons, Julian G, Schwartz, Orli, Lubman, Dan I and Allen, Nicholas B 2015, The influence of sex, temperament, risk-taking and mental health on the emergence of gambling: a longitudinal study of young people, International gambling studies, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 108-123, doi: 10.1080/14459795.2014.1000356.

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Title The influence of sex, temperament, risk-taking and mental health on the emergence of gambling: a longitudinal study of young people
Author(s) Yücel, Murat
Whittle, Sarah
Youssef, George JORCID iD for Youssef, George J orcid.org/0000-0002-6178-4895
Kashyap, Himani
Simmons, Julian G
Schwartz, Orli
Lubman, Dan I
Allen, Nicholas B
Journal name International gambling studies
Volume number 15
Issue number 1
Start page 108
End page 123
Total pages 16
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, Eng
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1445-9795
1479-4276
Keyword(s) addiction
adolescent
gambling
personality
risk
Summary There are a host of complex and interlinked psychological, social and biological factors involved in the development of problem gambling (PG). While existing research, which is predominantly cross-sectional, shows that emerging adulthood is a critical period for PG, the early risk factors for PG are currently unknown. Here, we recruited a sample of 156 early adolescents with no history of PG (mean age 12.6 years) and longitudinally followed them up into late adolescence (mean age 18.9 years) to investigate the role of sex, risk-taking behaviour and changes in temperament and psychiatric symptoms in the evolution of risky gambling behaviour. There were sex-independent effects of temperament and risk-taking behaviour, with greater developmental increases in temperamental frustration (i.e. negative affectivity), greater developmental decreases in temperamental attention (i.e. effortful control) and greater involvement in risky behaviours, such as alcohol use, predicting greater likelihood of being in the risky gambling group. In addition, there were sex-dependent effects whereby higher levels of baseline aggression in females and lower levels of the same in males were more predictive of risky gambling. These findings highlight how sex-dependent and independent factors across the early- to mid-adolescent period influence the occurrence of gambling later in life.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/14459795.2014.1000356
Field of Research 170113 Social and Community Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077817

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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