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Improvements in fundamental movement skill competency mediate the effect of the SCORES intervention on physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in children

Cohen, Kristen E., Morgan, Philip J., Plotnikoff, Ronald C., Barnett, Lisa M. and Lubans, David R. 2015, Improvements in fundamental movement skill competency mediate the effect of the SCORES intervention on physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in children, Journal of sports sciences, vol. 33, no. 18, pp. 1908-1918, doi: 10.1080/02640414.2015.1017734.

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Title Improvements in fundamental movement skill competency mediate the effect of the SCORES intervention on physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in children
Author(s) Cohen, Kristen E.
Morgan, Philip J.
Plotnikoff, Ronald C.
Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M. orcid.org/0000-0002-9731-625X
Lubans, David R.
Journal name Journal of sports sciences
Volume number 33
Issue number 18
Start page 1908
End page 1918
Total pages 11
Publisher Taylor & Francis
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1466-447X
Keyword(s) locomotor
mediation
object-control
perceived competence
school
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Sport Sciences
SELF-PERCEPTIONS
ADOLESCENTS
YOUTH
HEALTH
CHILDHOOD
OBESITY
METAANALYSIS
PERSPECTIVE
PROFICIENCY
Summary Numerous studies have identified a positive association between fundamental movement skill (FMS) competency and physical activity in children; however, the causal pathways have not been established. The aim of this study is to determine if changes in FMS competency mediated the effect of the Supporting Children's Outcomes using Rewards, Exercise and Skills (SCORES) intervention on physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness in children. Eight primary schools (25 classes) and 460 children (aged 8.5 ± 0.6, 54% girls) were randomised to the SCORES intervention or control group for the 12-month study. The outcomes were accelerometer-determined moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and cardiorespiratory fitness. The hypothesised mediators were actual FMS competency and perceived sport competence. Mediation analyses were conducted using multilevel linear analysis in MPlus. From the original sample, 138 (30.0%) and 370 (80.4%) children provided useable physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness data at post-test assessments. There were significant treatment effects for locomotor skills and overall FMSs. Changes in MVPA were associated with changes in object-control skills, overall FMSs and perceived competence. The overall FMSs had a significant mediating effect on MVPA (AB = 2.09, CI = 0.01-4.55). Overall FMSs (AB = 1.19, CI = 0.002-2.79) and locomotor skills (AB = 0.74, CI = 0.01-1.69) had a significant mediating effect on cardiorespiratory fitness. The results of this study conclude that actual but not perceived movement skill competency mediated the effect of the SCORES intervention on physical activity and cardiorespiratory fitness.
Language eng
DOI 10.1080/02640414.2015.1017734
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
1302 Curriculum And Pedagogy
0913 Mechanical Engineering
Socio Economic Objective 920501 Child Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Taylor & Francis
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077915

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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