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The development and validation of a golf swing and putt skill assessment for children

Barnett, Lisa M., Hardy, Louise L., Brian, Ali S. and Robertson, Sam 2015, The development and validation of a golf swing and putt skill assessment for children, Journal of sports science and medicine, vol. 14, pp. 147-154.

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Title The development and validation of a golf swing and putt skill assessment for children
Author(s) Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M. orcid.org/0000-0002-9731-625X
Hardy, Louise L.
Brian, Ali S.
Robertson, Sam
Journal name Journal of sports science and medicine
Volume number 14
Start page 147
End page 154
Total pages 8
Publisher Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Place of publication Bursa, Turkey
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1303-2968
Keyword(s) movement skill
object control
golf
Summary The aim was to describe development of a process-oriented instrument designed to assess the golf swing and putt stroke, and to assess the instrument’s discriminative validity in terms of age and reliability (intra-rater and re-test). A Delphi consultation (with golf industry professionals and researchers in movement skill assessment) was used to develop an assessment for each skill based on existing skill assessment protocols. Each skill had six components to be marked as present/absent. Individual scores were based on the number of performance components successfully demonstrated over two trials for each skill (poten-tial score range 0 to 24). Children (n = 43) aged 6-10 years (M = 7.8 years, SD = 1.3) were assessed in both skills live in the field by one rater at Time 1(T1). A subset of children (n = 28) had consent for assessments to be videoed. Six weeks later 19 chil-dren were reassessed, five days apart (T2, T3). An ANOVA assessed discriminative validity i.e. whether skill competence at T1 differed by age (6 years, 7/8 years and 9/10 years). Intraclass correlations (ICC) assessed intra-rater reliability between the live and video assessment at T1 and test-retest reliability (be-tween T2 and T3). Paired t-tests assessed any systematic differ-ences between live and video assessments (T1) and between T2 and T3. Older children were more skilled (F (2, 40) = 11.18, p < 0.001). The live assessment reflected the video assessment (ICC = 0.79, 95% CI 0.59, 0.90) and scores did not differ between live and video assessments. Test retest reliability was acceptable (ICC = 0.60, 95% CI 0.23, 0.82), although the mean score was slightly higher at retest. This instrument could be used reliably by golf coaches and physical education teachers as part of sys-tematic early player assessment and feedback.
Language eng
Field of Research 110603 Motor Control
1106 Human Movement And Sports Science
0913 Mechanical Engineering
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2014, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30077916

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.