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Associations between laboratory measures of executive inhibitory control and self-reported impulsivity

Enticott, Peter G., Ogloff, James R.P. and Bradshaw, John L. 2006, Associations between laboratory measures of executive inhibitory control and self-reported impulsivity, Personality and individual differences, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 285-294, doi: 10.1016/j.paid.2006.01.011.

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Title Associations between laboratory measures of executive inhibitory control and self-reported impulsivity
Author(s) Enticott, Peter G.ORCID iD for Enticott, Peter G. orcid.org/0000-0002-6638-951X
Ogloff, James R.P.
Bradshaw, John L.
Journal name Personality and individual differences
Volume number 41
Issue number 2
Start page 285
End page 294
Total pages 10
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2006-07-01
ISSN 0191-8869
Keyword(s) impulsivity
Barratt Impulsiveness Scale
inhibition
executive functioning
Summary Personality measures of maladaptive behavior often target the notion of impulsivity, which broadly refers to rapid and ill-considered conduct. The underlying cause of impulsive behavior, however, is not well understood, and there are many conflicting results. It has been suggested that impulsivity arises from inhibitory dyscontrol, a neuropsychological notion that is assessed via behavioral measures. We conducted a preliminary investigation of the association between a common self-report measure of impulsivity, the Barratt Impulsiveness Scale, and four behavioral paradigms of inhibitory control (motor inhibition, stop signal, Stroop, and negative priming) in normal adults (n = 31; age range: 19-51). Stroop conflict correlated significantly with non-planning, attentional, motor, and overall self-reported impulsiveness; motor disinhibition correlated significantly with non-planning impulsiveness; and response variability was associated with motor impulsiveness. Thus, there is evidence to suggest that, among normal adults, impulsivity is associated with some specific measures of inhibitory dyscontrol.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.paid.2006.01.011
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Science
Socio Economic Objective 0 Not Applicable
HERDC Research category C1.1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2006, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30078047

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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