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Exposure mediates transitions between bare and vegetated states in temperate mangrove ecosystems

Hurst, Thomas A., Pope, Adam J. and Quinn, Gerry P. 2015, Exposure mediates transitions between bare and vegetated states in temperate mangrove ecosystems, Marine ecology progress series, vol. 533, pp. 121-134, doi: 10.3354/meps11364.

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Title Exposure mediates transitions between bare and vegetated states in temperate mangrove ecosystems
Author(s) Hurst, Thomas A.
Pope, Adam J.
Quinn, Gerry P.
Journal name Marine ecology progress series
Volume number 533
Start page 121
End page 134
Total pages 14
Publisher Inter-Research
Place of publication Oldendorf, Germany
Publication date 2015
ISSN 0171-8630
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Physical Sciences
Ecology
Marine & Freshwater Biology
Oceanography
Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Alternative stable states
Resilience
Temperate mangroves
Restoration
Hydrodynamics
Avicennia marina
AVICENNIA-MARINA
SEEDLING ESTABLISHMENT
COASTAL HABITATS
WATER-MOVEMENT
CLIMATE-CHANGE
NEW-ZEALAND
FORESTS
GROWTH
COMMUNITIES
SURVIVAL
Summary The resilience of mangroves is dependent on their regeneration capacity. Patchy mid-19th century clearing dramatically affected this capacity, creating stable vegetated and unvegetated states in a fragmented temperate mangrove ecosystem. Mechanisms of mediation between states were tested by monitoring the survival and growth of planted mangrove seedlings and propagules on formerly forested bare mudflats and inside patches of existing forest. Survival (1 to 76%) and growth (-0.83 to 10.45 mm mo-1 increase in plant height) of seedlings was affected by (1) differing levels of exposure found at varying proximities to remnant forest and (2) differing inundation regimes both within and between sites that were randomly selected from locations that varied in aspect relative to prevailing winds. Increases in hydrodynamic energy within and between sites corresponded to a decrease in survival that was much more pronounced at locations that were exposed to prevailing winds. Growth rates were also generally lower at sites in exposed locations, but inundation regime was a more important determinant within sites, where growth was reduced at lower heights on the shore. Results suggest that stability of the bare mudflat state (caused by historical clearance of the mangrove forest) is dependent on level of exposure to hydrodynamic energy, and a return to a forested state is more likely where this exposure is lower. These results have implications for planning and implementing mangrove restoration projects and illustrate the role that physical factors can play in determining the resilience of disturbed temperate mangrove ecosystems.
Language eng
DOI 10.3354/meps11364
Field of Research 060205 Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl Marine Ichthyology)
Socio Economic Objective 960802 Coastal and Estuarine Flora
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Inter-Research
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30078176

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