The influence of incarceration length and protection status on perceptions of prison social climate

Casey, Sharon, Day, Andrew and Reynolds, Jane 2016, The influence of incarceration length and protection status on perceptions of prison social climate, Criminal justice and behavior, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 285-296, doi: 10.1177/0093854815603747.

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Title The influence of incarceration length and protection status on perceptions of prison social climate
Author(s) Casey, Sharon
Day, Andrew
Reynolds, Jane
Journal name Criminal justice and behavior
Volume number 43
Issue number 2
Start page 285
End page 296
Total pages 12
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication Thousand Oaks, Calif.
Publication date 2016-02
ISSN 0093-8548
Keyword(s) prisons
social climate
incarceration length
protective custody
security classification
Summary Using a 2 (incarceration length) × 2 (custody type) between-groups design, the present study assessed whether inmates’ perceptions of the prison social climate were influenced by their security classification and length of time they had been incarcerated. Analyses of data collected from 76 male prisoners who completed a 15-item measure of prison social climate revealed an interaction effect between length of incarceration and protective prisoner status. Those housed in protectivecustody who had been incarcerated for longer than 6 months rated the social climate significantly more positively than both protective custody prisoners incarcerated for less than 6 months and those not in protective custody. This interaction was strongest on those social climate dimensions relating to therapeutic hold and social cohesion. A univariate effect was also observed whereby protective custody prisoners, irrespective of incarceration length, reported that they experienced the environment as less safe than their mainstream (non-protective custody) counterparts.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0093854815603747
Field of Research 170104 Forensic Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920413 Social Structure and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Sage Publications
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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