How is men's conformity to masculine norms related to their body image? Masculinity and muscularity across western countries

Gattario, Kristina Holmqvist, Frisén, Ann, Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew, Ricciardelli, Lina A., Diedrichs, Phillippa C., Yager, Zali, Franko, Debra L. and Smolak, Linda 2015, How is men's conformity to masculine norms related to their body image? Masculinity and muscularity across western countries, Psychology of men and masculinity, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 337-347, doi: 10.1037/a0038494.

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Title How is men's conformity to masculine norms related to their body image? Masculinity and muscularity across western countries
Author(s) Gattario, Kristina Holmqvist
Frisén, Ann
Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, MatthewORCID iD for Fuller-Tyszkiewicz, Matthew
Ricciardelli, Lina A.ORCID iD for Ricciardelli, Lina A.
Diedrichs, Phillippa C.
Yager, Zali
Franko, Debra L.
Smolak, Linda
Journal name Psychology of men and masculinity
Volume number 16
Issue number 3
Start page 337
End page 347
Total pages 11
Publisher American Psychological Association
Place of publication [Washington, D.C.]
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1524-9220
Keyword(s) Social Sciences
Psychology, Social
body image
cross-national differences
Summary Previous research has suggested that men's conformity to masculine norms (CMN) is an important correlate of men's drive for muscularity. The present study aimed to further delineate the relationship between masculinity and men's body image by examining various dimensions of CMN in relation to various dimensions of men's body image (muscularity, leanness, and fitness) in a cross-national sample. Participants comprised young men from the United States (n = 192), the United Kingdom (n = 141), Australia (n = 160), and Sweden (n = 142). Multigroup path analyses showed that CMN was related to drive for muscularity, leanness, and fitness in all 4 countries, but there were differences across countries in which dimensions of CMN predicted men's body image. Whereas conformity to the masculine norm of winning was a salient predictor across the 4 countries, conformity to the norm of risk-taking was linked to Australian men's body image, and conformity to the norm of violence to British men's body image. The findings support previous research suggesting that men's endorsement of the male gender role plays a significant role in their desire for an ideal body, but the results uniquely document that this relationship may differ across countries.
Language eng
DOI 10.1037/a0038494
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, American Psychological Association
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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