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Does the presence and mix of destinations influence walking and physical activity?

King, Tania Louise, Bentley, Rebecca Jodie, Thornton, Lukar Ezra and Kavanagh, Anne Marie 2015, Does the presence and mix of destinations influence walking and physical activity?, International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1-12, doi: 10.1186/s12966-015-0279-0.

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Title Does the presence and mix of destinations influence walking and physical activity?
Author(s) King, Tania Louise
Bentley, Rebecca Jodie
Thornton, Lukar EzraORCID iD for Thornton, Lukar Ezra orcid.org/0000-0001-8759-8671
Kavanagh, Anne Marie
Journal name International journal of behavioral nutrition and physical activity
Volume number 12
Issue number 1
Start page 1
End page 12
Total pages 12
Publisher BioMed Central
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015-09-17
ISSN 1479-5868
Keyword(s) Built environment
Destinations
Geographic information systems
Multilevel analysis
Physical activity
Walking
Summary Background: Local destinations have previously been shown to be associated with higher levels of both physical activity and walking, but little is known about how specific destinations are related to activity. This study examined associations between types and mix of destinations and both walking frequency and physical activity. Method: The sample consisted of 2349 residents of 50 urban areas in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia. Using geographic information systems, seven types of destinations were examined within three network buffers (400 meters (m), 800 m and 1200 m) of respondents' homes. Multilevel logistic regression was used to estimate effects of each destination type separately, as well as destination mix (variety) on: 1) likelihood of walking for at least 10 min ≥ 4/week; 2) likelihood of being sufficiently physically active. All models were adjusted for potential confounders. Results: All destination types were positively associated with walking frequency, and physical activity sufficiency at 1200 m. For the 800 m buffer: all destinations except transport stops and sports facilities were significantly associated with physical activity, while all except sports facilities were associated with walking frequency; at 400 m, café/takeaway food stores and transport stops were associated with walking frequency and physical activity sufficiency, and sports facilities were also associated with walking frequency. Strongest associations for both outcomes were observed for community resources and small food stores at both 800 m and 1200 m. For all buffer distances: greater mix was associated with greater walking frequency. Inclusion of walking in physical activity models led to attenuation of associations. Conclusions: The results of this analysis indicate that there is an association between destinations and both walking frequency and physical activity sufficiency, and that this relationship varies by destination type. It is also clear that greater mix of destinations positively predicts walking frequency and physical activity sufficiency.
Language eng
DOI 10.1186/s12966-015-0279-0
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, BioMed Central
Free to Read? Yes
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30078962

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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Created: Thu, 08 Oct 2015, 13:59:53 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.