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Overview of cardiovascular risk in older people with diabetes: basic pathophysiology, risk factors and management

Dunning, Trisha 2015, Overview of cardiovascular risk in older people with diabetes: basic pathophysiology, risk factors and management, Journal of diabetes nursing, vol. 19, no. 9, pp. 353-359.

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Title Overview of cardiovascular risk in older people with diabetes: basic pathophysiology, risk factors and management
Author(s) Dunning, TrishaORCID iD for Dunning, Trisha orcid.org/0000-0002-0284-1706
Journal name Journal of diabetes nursing
Volume number 19
Issue number 9
Start page 353
End page 359
Total pages 7
Publisher SB Communications Group
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015-10-13
ISSN 1368-1109
Keyword(s) Cardiovascular disease
diabetes
older people
Summary Increasing age is a risk factor for diabetes; consequently, diabetes is prevalent in older people. Older people with diabetes are at high risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and cardiovascular events, such as myocardial infarction and heart failure.Multiple pathological processes underlie CVD, including inflammation, oxidative stress, endothelial dysfunction, thrombosis and angiogenesis. These pathological processes are influenced by age, ethnicity, genetic makeup, obesity, hyperglycaemia,insulin resistance, dyslipidaemia, hypertension, renal disease, inappropriate diet and inactivity, which are components of the metabolic syndrome and CVD risk factors. The more risk factors present, the higher the risk of CVD. Significantly, vascular damage occurs slowly; therefore, it is essential to undertake a comprehensive vascular risk assessment and manage the risk early in life to improve the individual’soutcomes. Management strategies must be negotiated with the individual and appropriately tailored to their CVD risk and functional status, life expectancy and safety.
Language eng
Field of Research 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920104 Diabetes
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, SB Communications Group
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30079024

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Nursing and Midwifery
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