Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours

Ball, Kylie, Carver, Alison, Downing, Katherine, Jackson, Michelle and O'Rourke, Kerryn 2015, Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours, Health promotion international, vol. 30, no. S2, pp. ii8-ii19, doi: 10.1093/heapro/dav022.

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Title Addressing the social determinants of inequities in physical activity and sedentary behaviours
Author(s) Ball, KylieORCID iD for Ball, Kylie
Carver, AlisonORCID iD for Carver, Alison
Downing, KatherineORCID iD for Downing, Katherine
Jackson, Michelle
O'Rourke, Kerryn
Journal name Health promotion international
Volume number 30
Issue number S2
Start page ii8
End page ii19
Total pages 12
Publisher Oxford University Press
Place of publication Oxford, Eng.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1460-2245
Summary  Participation in both physical activity and sedentary behaviours follow a social gradient, such that those who are more advantaged are more likely to be regularly physically active, less likely to be sedentary, and less likely to experience the adverse health outcomes associated with inactive lifestyles than their less advantaged peers. The aim of this paper is to provide, in a format that will support policymakers and practitioners, an overview of the current evidence base and highlight promising approaches for promoting physical activity and reducing sedentary behaviours equitably at each level of ‘Fair Foundations: The VicHealth framework for health equity’. A rapid review was undertaken in February–April 2014. Electronic databases (Medline, PsychINFO, SportsDISCUS, CINAHL, Scopus, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, Global Health and Embase) were searched using a pre-defined search strategy and grey literature searches of websites of key relevant organizations were undertaken. The majority of included studies focussed on approaches targeting behaviour change at the individual level, with fewer focussing on daily living conditions or broader socioeconomic, political and cultural contexts. While many gaps in the evidence base remain, particularly in relation to reducing sedentary behaviour, promising approaches for promoting physical activity equitably across the three levels of the Fair Foundations framework include: community-wide approaches; support for local and state governments to develop policies and practices; neighbourhood designs (including parks) that are conducive to physical activity; investment in early childhood interventions; school programmes; peer- or group-based programmes; and targeted motivational, cognitive-behavioural, and/or mediated individual-level approaches.
Language eng
DOI 10.1093/heapro/dav022
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Oxford University Press
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