The Catuspatha pattern in Balinese palace: architectural conservation and challenges

Yudantini, Ni Made and Jones, David 2015, The Catuspatha pattern in Balinese palace: architectural conservation and challenges, Procedia environmental sciences, vol. 28, pp. 538-548, doi: 10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.064.

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Title The Catuspatha pattern in Balinese palace: architectural conservation and challenges
Author(s) Yudantini, Ni Made
Jones, DavidORCID iD for Jones, David
Journal name Procedia environmental sciences
Volume number 28
Start page 538
End page 548
Total pages 11
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1878-0296
Keyword(s) Balinese palaces
architectural conservation
the catuspatha concept
pempatan agung pattern
globalization challenges
Summary Balinese architecture was established prior to European colonization and significantly enhances traditional Balinese values that are woven into the predominant Hindu religion. Palaces are integral to the architectural heritage of Bali and were dated back to the Majapahit Empire. Balinese palaceswere constructed for non-ritualistic activities in this historical cultural landscape. Palaces were often located on road corners called catuspatha1andthey possess sacred values embodied in the concept of pempatanagung.Although Bali Province is today governed as one governance unit, these palaces still reflect their own multiple regal associations which arestill respected by Balinese society. The representations and architecture of these palaces andthe communicative symbols of a heyday era of Bali are raising questions as to how they can be accommodated within the over-arching tourism development and globalization of culture that Bali is experiencing. Therefore, this paper reviews pre-colonial Balinese palaces, their architecture, the catuspatha concept, and considers the traditional values of these ancient monuments as to conservation of palaces and their associated cultural heritage. An extensive literature review, surveys and observational inventories were undertaken at several palaces to obtain results that raise new questions about how these complexes can withstand globalization challenges whilst respecting traditional Balinese culture and society.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.proenv.2015.07.064
Field of Research 120107 Landscape Architecture
120502 History and Theory of The Built Environment (excl Architecture)
120501 Community Planning
Socio Economic Objective 950307 Conserving the Historic Environment
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Architecture and Built Environment
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