Haemodynamics of aerobic and resistance blood flow restriction exercise in young and older adults

Staunton, Craig A., May, Anthony K., Brandner, Christopher R. and Warmington, Stuart A. 2015, Haemodynamics of aerobic and resistance blood flow restriction exercise in young and older adults, European journal of applied physiology, vol. 115, no. 11, pp. 2293-2302, doi: 10.1007/s00421-015-3213-x.

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Title Haemodynamics of aerobic and resistance blood flow restriction exercise in young and older adults
Author(s) Staunton, Craig A.
May, Anthony K.ORCID iD for May, Anthony K. orcid.org/0000-0002-4028-949X
Brandner, Christopher R.
Warmington, Stuart A.ORCID iD for Warmington, Stuart A. orcid.org/0000-0002-2414-7539
Journal name European journal of applied physiology
Volume number 115
Issue number 11
Start page 2293
End page 2302
Total pages 10
Publisher Springer
Place of publication Berlin, Germany
Publication date 2015-11
ISSN 1439-6327
Keyword(s) Ageing
BFR
Kaatsu
Resistance exercise
Vascular occlusion
Walking
Summary PURPOSE: Light-load blood flow restriction exercise (BFRE) may provide a novel training method to limit the effects of age-related muscle atrophy in older adults. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to compare the haemodynamic response to resistance and aerobic BFRE between young adults (YA; n = 11; 22 ± 1 years) and older adults (OA; n = 13; 69 ± 1 years). METHOD: On two occasions, participants completed BFRE or control exercise (CON). One occasion was leg press (LP; 20 % 1-RM) and the other was treadmill walking (TM; 4 km h(-1)). Haemodynamic responses (HR, [Formula: see text], SV and BP) were recorded during baseline and exercise. RESULT: At baseline, YA and OA were different for some haemodynamic parameters (e.g. BP, SV). The relative responses to BFRE were similar between YA and OA. Blood pressures increased more with BFRE, and also for LP over TM. [Formula: see text] increased similarly for BFRE and CON (in both LP and TM), but with elevated HR and reduced SV (TM only). CONCLUSION: While BFR conferred slightly greater haemodynamic stress than CON, this was lower for walking than leg-press exercise. Given similar response magnitudes between YA and OA, these data support aerobic exercise being a more appropriate BFRE for prescription in older adults that may contribute to limiting the effects of age-related muscle atrophy.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s00421-015-3213-x
Field of Research 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30079528

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Exercise and Nutrition Sciences
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