The prevalence and age of onset of psychiatric disorders in Australian men

Williams, Lana J., Jacka, Felice N., Pasco, Julie A., Coulson, Carolyn E., Quirk, Shae E., Stuart, Amanda L. and Berk, Michael 2016, The prevalence and age of onset of psychiatric disorders in Australian men, Australian & New Zealand journal of psychiatry, vol. 50, no. 7, pp. 678-684, doi: 10.1177/0004867415614105.

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Title The prevalence and age of onset of psychiatric disorders in Australian men
Author(s) Williams, Lana J.ORCID iD for Williams, Lana J.
Jacka, Felice N.ORCID iD for Jacka, Felice N.
Pasco, Julie A.ORCID iD for Pasco, Julie A.
Coulson, Carolyn E.
Quirk, Shae E.
Stuart, Amanda L.ORCID iD for Stuart, Amanda L.
Berk, MichaelORCID iD for Berk, Michael
Journal name Australian & New Zealand journal of psychiatry
Volume number 50
Issue number 7
Start page 678
End page 684
Total pages 7
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-07
ISSN 1440-1614
Keyword(s) Prevalence
anxiety disorders
mood disorders
psychiatric disorders
psychiatric epidemiology
substance-use disorders
Summary OBJECTIVE: Given the burden of common psychiatric disorders and their consequent service and planning requirements, it is important to have a thorough knowledge of their distribution and characteristics in the population. Thus, we aimed to report the prevalence and age of onset of mood, anxiety and substance-use disorders in an age-stratified representative sample of Australian men. METHOD: Psychiatric disorders (mood, anxiety and substance-use disorders) were diagnosed utilising a structured clinical interview (Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition, Non-Patient Edition) for 961 men aged 24-98 years enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. The lifetime and current prevalence of these disorders was determined from the study population and standardised to 2006 census data for Australia. RESULTS: Approximately one in three men (28.8%, 95% confidence interval [CI] = [26.8%, 30.8%]) reported a lifetime history of any psychiatric disorder, with mood disorders (18.2%, 95% CI = [15.2%, 21.2%]) being more prevalent than anxiety (7.2%, 95% CI = [5.0%, 9.4%]) and substance-use disorders (12.9%, 95% CI = [9.7%, 16.0%]). Approximately 8.7% (95% CI = [7.5%, 10.0%]) were identified as having a current disorder, with 3.8% (95% interquartile range [IQR] = [2.2%, 5.4%]), 2.4% (95% CI = [1.1%, 3.8%]) and 3.4% (95% CI = [1.8%, 4.9%]) meeting criteria for current mood, anxiety and substance-use disorders, respectively. The median age of onset for mood disorders was 37.5 years (IQR = 27.0-48.0 years), 25.0 years (IQR = 20.0-40.3 years) for anxiety and 22.0 years (IQR = 18.0-34.3 years) for substance-use disorders. CONCLUSION: This study reports the lifetime and current prevalence of psychiatric disorders in the Australian male population. These findings emphasise the extent of the burden of these disorders in the community.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/0004867415614105
Field of Research 110319 Psychiatry (incl Psychotherapy)
Socio Economic Objective 920504 Men's Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Sage
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School of Medicine
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