Cardiovascular alterations and management

Driscoll, Andrea and Gallagher, Robyn 2015, Cardiovascular alterations and management. In Aitken, Leanne, Marshall, Andrea and Chaboyer, Wendy (ed), ACCCN's critical care nursing, Elsevier, Chatswood, N.S.W., pp.271-310.

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Title Cardiovascular alterations and management
Author(s) Driscoll, AndreaORCID iD for Driscoll, Andrea
Gallagher, Robyn
Title of book ACCCN's critical care nursing
Editor(s) Aitken, Leanne
Marshall, Andrea
Chaboyer, Wendy
Publication date 2015
Start page 271
End page 310
Total pages 40
Publisher Elsevier
Place of Publication Chatswood, N.S.W.
Keyword(s) acute coronary syndrome
acute heart failure
aortic aneurysm
hypertensive emergencies
left ventricular failure
myocardial infarction
percutaneous coronary
right ventricular failure
ventricular aneurysm
Summary This chapter reviews the support of cardiovascular function in the face of
many compromises to the system. It focuses on two of the most prevalent and fatal diseases affecting the heart: coronary heart disease and heart failure. These diseases are also a common comorbidity in elderly patients admitted to critical care units. The first section on coronary heart disease reviews the pathophysiological concepts of myocardial ischaemia and associated complications, with detailed consideration of the clinical implications, assessment and associated management. Heart failure is discussed in terms of the body’s compensatory mechanisms and the clinical sequelae and associated clinical features of heart failure. Nursing and medical management is outlined including the management of acute exacerbations of heart failure. Finally, other cardiovascular disorders commonly managed in critical care units are reviewed, ranging from other forms of heart failure to hypertensive emergencies and aortic aneurysms. The case study presented at the end of the chapter highlights the key aspects of the management of coronary heart disease and heart failure in patients admitted to critical care units.
ISBN 9780729542005
Edition 3rd
Language eng
Field of Research 111099 Nursing not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920103 Cardiovascular System and Diseases
HERDC Research category BN Other book chapter, or book chapter not attributed to Deakin
ERA Research output type B Book chapter
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
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