Attentional mechanisms in Autism, ADHD, and Autism-ADHD using a local-global paradigm

Gargaro, B. A., May, T., Tonge, B. J., Sheppard, D. M., Bradshaw, J. L. and Rinehart, N. J. 2015, Attentional mechanisms in Autism, ADHD, and Autism-ADHD using a local-global paradigm, Journal of attention disorders, Early view, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1177/1087054715603197.

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Title Attentional mechanisms in Autism, ADHD, and Autism-ADHD using a local-global paradigm
Author(s) Gargaro, B. A.
May, T.ORCID iD for May, T.
Tonge, B. J.
Sheppard, D. M.
Bradshaw, J. L.
Rinehart, N. J.ORCID iD for Rinehart, N. J.
Journal name Journal of attention disorders
Season Early view
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher Sage Publications
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2015-09-15
ISSN 1557-1246
Keyword(s) ADD/ADHD
executive function
Summary OBJECTIVE: Cognitive flexibility or attentional set-shifting capacity has long been considered a core area of executive dysfunction for individuals with autism. Whether these difficulties are due to higher-level attentional difficulties associated with comorbid ADHD remains unclear. METHOD: The current study compared the performance of 48 participants with autism, ADHD, autism-ADHD, and a comparison group (N = 12 per group) on a set-shifting task, which included a local-global paradigm. RESULTS: Results of this study revealed that participants with attentional difficulties (autism + ADHD and ADHD alone) exhibited a significant shifting cost (difference between maintaining and shifting attention). CONCLUSION: Attentional difficulties associated with ADHD may be associated with an enhanced attentional shifting cost. Implications of these results were discussed in relation to screening for ADHD symptoms in studies of individuals with autism which seek to determine the neuropsychological profile of this condition.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/1087054715603197
Field of Research 179999 Psychology and Cognitive Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, SAGE Publications
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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