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The role of a care-orientation in the teens in young adult psychosocial wellbeing

Hutchinson, D.M., Macdonald, J.A., Hallam, W.T., Leung, R.K., Toumbourou, J.W., McGee, R., Tooley, G., Hemphill, S.A., Skouteris, H. and Olsson, C.A. 2015, The role of a care-orientation in the teens in young adult psychosocial wellbeing, Journal of Happiness Studies, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 1-26, doi: 10.1007/s10902-015-9685-x.

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Title The role of a care-orientation in the teens in young adult psychosocial wellbeing
Author(s) Hutchinson, D.M.ORCID iD for Hutchinson, D.M.
Macdonald, J.A.ORCID iD for Macdonald, J.A.
Hallam, W.T.
Leung, R.K.
Toumbourou, J.W.ORCID iD for Toumbourou, J.W.
McGee, R.
Tooley, G.ORCID iD for Tooley, G.
Hemphill, S.A.
Skouteris, H.
Olsson, C.A.ORCID iD for Olsson, C.A.
Journal name Journal of Happiness Studies
Volume number 16
Issue number 6
Start page 1
End page 26
Total pages 26
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2015-11-23
ISSN 1389-4978
Keyword(s) Wellbeing
Psychosocial adjustment
Summary Abstract
The transition from adolescence to young adulthood is a watershed period in development that carries risk for poor psychosocial adjustment. It also carries potential for positive transitions into the caregiving roles and responsibilities of adult life. Research to date has predominantly focused on adolescent predictors of problematic rather than positive transitions; yet predictors of the latter hold equal (if not greater) promise for informing health promoting interventions. The purpose of this study was threefold: (1) to use Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to define patterns of psychosocial adjustment and maladjustment in young adulthood (21-years of age); (2) to examine the unique role of adolescent prosocial behaviour (e.g., volunteering and civic engagement) in promoting adjustment and reducing maladjustment in young adulthood; and, (3) to examine whether protective developmental relationships are maintained after adjustment for other covariates including socio-economic background factors and personality characteristics. Data were drawn from the Victorian cohort of the International Youth Development Study (IYDS; N = 2407), a representative sample of students in Victoria, Australia. Students were assessed in Grade 9 (Mean age = 15-years) and followed up at age 21-years. LPA identified three psychosocial adjustment classes at age 21 defined as: (1) Adjusted (24.8 %); (2) Normative (63.9 %); and, (3) Maladjusted (11.3 %). Adolescent volunteering, belief in a moral order, family opportunities for prosocial behaviour, and commitment to school were associated with enhanced adjustment and reduced maladjustment in young adulthood. Findings highlight the potential benefit of interventions designed to enhance adolescent prosocial behaviours and care orientation in promoting healthy transitions into young adult life.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s10902-015-9685-x
Field of Research 170102 Developmental Psychology and Ageing
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Wiley
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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