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Symptoms of depression and difficulty initiating sleep from early adolescence to early adulthood: a longitudinal study

Hayley, Amie C., Skogen, Jens Christoffer, Sivertsen, Børge, Wold, Bente, Berk, Michael, Pasco, Julie A. and Øverland, Simon 2015, Symptoms of depression and difficulty initiating sleep from early adolescence to early adulthood: a longitudinal study, Sleep, vol. 38, no. 10, pp. 1599-1606, doi: 10.5665/sleep.5056.

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Title Symptoms of depression and difficulty initiating sleep from early adolescence to early adulthood: a longitudinal study
Author(s) Hayley, Amie C.
Skogen, Jens Christoffer
Sivertsen, Børge
Wold, Bente
Berk, MichaelORCID iD for Berk, Michael orcid.org/0000-0002-5554-6946
Pasco, Julie A.ORCID iD for Pasco, Julie A. orcid.org/0000-0002-8968-4714
Øverland, Simon
Journal name Sleep
Volume number 38
Issue number 10
Start page 1599
End page 1606
Total pages 8
Publisher Associated Professional Sleep Societies
Place of publication Darien, Ill.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1550-9109
Keyword(s) adolescence
adulthood
cross-sectional
depression
etiology
longitudinal
risk factor
sleep
Science & Technology
Life Sciences & Biomedicine
Clinical Neurology
Neurosciences
Neurosciences & Neurology
GENERAL-POPULATION
MENTAL-DISORDERS
INSOMNIA
PREVALENCE
ASSOCIATION
MOOD
COMORBIDITY
CHILDHOOD
PATTERNS
CHILDREN
Summary STUDY OBJECTIVES: To assess the direction of the relationship and degree of shared associations between symptoms of depression and difficulty initiating sleep (DIS) from early adolescence to early adulthood. DESIGN: Cross-sectional and longitudinal assessment of the symptoms of depression-DIS association from early adolescence (age 13 y) to early adulthood (age 23 y). SETTING: Hordaland, Norway. PARTICIPANTS: There were 1,105 individuals (55% male) who took part in the Norwegian Longitudinal Health Behaviour Study (NLHB) and participated at least once across seven data collection waves during the years 1990-2000. INTERVENTIONS: N/A. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Characteristic data were obtained during the first assessment. Symptoms of depression and instances of DIS were assessed during each data collection wave. Symptoms of depression and DIS were associated in all data waves, and one-step cross-lagged bivariate correlations were significant and comparatively high for both factors. Structural equation modelling indicated that DIS and symptoms of depression at wave 1 remain relatively stable across waves (all P < 0.001), and a significant and consistent unidirectional cross-lagged effect was noted running from symptoms of depression to DIS from early adolescence to early adulthood. DIS is only marginally and inconsistently associated with the lagged symptoms of depression score across waves. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that symptoms of depression established in early adolescence are a moderate predictor of difficulty initiating sleep (DIS) in early adulthood, whereas the reverse association of DIS predicting depression was not convincingly supported. These findings are in contrast to previous findings that suggest sleep problems as a risk factor for the later development of depression.
Language eng
DOI 10.5665/sleep.5056
Field of Research 06 Biological Sciences
11 Medical And Health Sciences
17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920410 Mental Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Associated Professional Sleep Societies
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30079895

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Medicine
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