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Fundamental movement skills are more than run, throw and catch: the role of stability skills

Rudd, James R., Barnett, Lisa M., Butson, Michael L., Farrow, Damian, Berry, Jason and Polman, Remco C. J. 2015, Fundamental movement skills are more than run, throw and catch: the role of stability skills, PLoS One, vol. 10, no. 10, Article Number : e0140224, pp. 1-15, doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0140224.

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Title Fundamental movement skills are more than run, throw and catch: the role of stability skills
Author(s) Rudd, James R.
Barnett, Lisa M.ORCID iD for Barnett, Lisa M. orcid.org/0000-0002-9731-625X
Butson, Michael L.
Farrow, Damian
Berry, Jason
Polman, Remco C. J.
Journal name PLoS One
Volume number 10
Issue number 10
Season Article Number : e0140224
Start page 1
End page 15
Total pages 15
Publisher Public Library of Science (PLOS)
Place of publication San Francisco, Calif.
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1932-6203
Keyword(s) Science & Technology
Multidisciplinary Sciences
Science & Technology - Other Topics
PHYSICAL-EDUCATION
FIT INDEXES
CHILDREN
BALANCE
RELIABILITY
VALIDITY
KICKING
TGMD-2
MODELS
Summary INTRODUCTION: In motor development literature fundamental movement skills are divided into three constructs: locomotive, object control and stability skills. Most fundamental movement skills research has focused on children's competency in locomotor and object control skills. The first aim of this study was to validate a test battery to assess the construct of stability skills, in children aged 6 to 10 (M age = 8.2, SD = 1.2). Secondly we assessed how the stability skills construct fitted into a model of fundamental movement skill. METHOD: The Delphi method was used to select the stability skill battery. Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) was used to assess if the skills loaded onto the same construct and a new model of FMS was developed using structural equation modelling. RESULTS: Three postural control tasks were selected (the log roll, rock and back support) because they had good face and content validity. These skills also demonstrated good predictive validity with gymnasts scoring significantly better than children without gymnastic training and children from a high SES school performing better than those from a mid and low SES schools and the mid SES children scored better than the low SES children (all p < .05). Inter rater reliability tests were excellent for all three skills (ICC = 0.81, 0.87, 0.87) as was test re-test reliability (ICC 0.87-0.95). CFA provided good construct validity, and structural equation modelling revealed stability skills to be an independent factor in an overall FMS model which included locomotor (r = .88), object control (r = .76) and stability skills (r = .81). DISCUSSION: This study provides a rationale for the inclusion of stability skills in FMS assessment. The stability skills could be used alongside other FMS assessment tools to provide a holistic assessment of children's fundamental movement skills.
Language eng
DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0140224
Field of Research 110601 Biomechanics
Socio Economic Objective 970111 Expanding Knowledge in the Medical and Health Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30079973

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
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Created: Tue, 01 Dec 2015, 14:22:44 EST

Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.