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Trends in child and adolescent obesity prevalence in economically advanced countries according to socioeconomic position: a systematic review

Chung, A., Backholer, K., Wong, E., Palermo, C., Keating, C. and Peeters, A. 2016, Trends in child and adolescent obesity prevalence in economically advanced countries according to socioeconomic position: a systematic review, Obesity reviews, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 276-295, doi: 10.1111/obr.12360.

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Title Trends in child and adolescent obesity prevalence in economically advanced countries according to socioeconomic position: a systematic review
Author(s) Chung, A.
Backholer, K.
Wong, E.
Palermo, C.
Keating, C.
Peeters, A.
Journal name Obesity reviews
Volume number 17
Issue number 3
Start page 276
End page 295
Total pages 20
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-03
ISSN 1467-789X
Keyword(s) Adolescent
child
obesity
socio-economic position
trends
Summary Recent obesity trends in children and adolescents suggest a plateau. However, it is unclear whether such trends have been experienced across socioeconomic groups. We analysed whether recent trends in child and adolescent overweight and obesity differ by socioeconomic position (SEP) across economically advanced countries. Eligible studies reported overweight and obesity prevalence in children and/or adolescents (2-18 years), for at least two time points since 1990, stratified by SEP. Socioeconomic differences in trends in child and adolescent overweight and obesity over time were analysed. Differences in trends between SEP groups were observed across a majority of studies. Over half the studies indicated increasing prevalence among low SEP children and adolescents compared to a third of studies among children and adolescents with a high SEP. Around half the studies indicated widening socioeconomic inequalities in overweight and obesity. Since 2000 a majority of studies demonstrated no change or a decrease in prevalence among both high and low SEP groups. However around 40% of studies indicated widening of socioeconomic inequalities post-2000. While our study provides grounds for optimism, socioeconomic inequalities in overweight and obesity continue to widen. These findings highlight the need for greater consideration of different population groups when implementing obesity interventions. © 2015 World Obesity.
DOI 10.1111/obr.12360
Field of Research 11 Medical And Health Sciences
17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
111711 Health Information Systems (incl Surveillance)
Socio Economic Objective 920208 Health Policy Evaluation
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Wiley
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080390

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Population Health
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