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The role of fear of self and responsibility in obsessional doubt processes: a bayesian hierarchical model

Jaeger, Tess, Moulding, Richard, Anglim, Jeromy, Aardema, Frederick and Nedeljkovic, Maja 2015, The role of fear of self and responsibility in obsessional doubt processes: a bayesian hierarchical model, Journal of social and clinical psychology, vol. 34, no. 10, pp. 839-858, doi: 10.1521/jscp.2015.34.10.839.

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Title The role of fear of self and responsibility in obsessional doubt processes: a bayesian hierarchical model
Author(s) Jaeger, Tess
Moulding, Richard
Anglim, JeromyORCID iD for Anglim, Jeromy orcid.org/0000-0002-1809-9315
Aardema, Frederick
Nedeljkovic, Maja
Journal name Journal of social and clinical psychology
Volume number 34
Issue number 10
Start page 839
End page 858
Total pages 20
Publisher Guilford Press
Place of publication New York, N.Y.
Publication date 2015-12-16
ISSN 1943-2771
Keyword(s) OCD
Self-themes
Responsiblitiy
Doubt
Obsessive beliefs
Inferential confusion
Summary The literature concerning obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) indicates that obsessions frequently imply negative evaluative beliefs regarding the self. The construct of the feared self has been used to describe the set of harmful attributes an individual worries they may possess. This study aimed to partially replicate previous research that demonstrated a relationship between feared-self beliefs and obsessional doubt in OCD-relevant contexts. The relationship between perceptions of personal responsibility and associated levels of doubt was also examined. Nonclinical participants (N = 221; 155 female; Mage = 26.4, SD = 9.2) were presented with vignettes related to checking and non OCD-relevant themes, which quantified doubt through the presentation of alternating reality-based (i.e., sensory) and possibility-based information. Of the total sample, 112 participants were randomly allocated to a personally relevant condition (in which the action implied in the vignettes was completed by the reader), and 109 were allocated to a second, other-relevant, condition (in which the action implied in the vignettes was completed by a proximal other). The results provided support for reasoning processes implicated in OCD, suggesting that feared-self beliefs may partially contribute to heightened levels of doubt in response to possibility vs. reality-based information in OCD-relevant contexts. Personal relevance contributed to greater baseline levels of doubt, but not to greater responses to the reality- and possibility-based statements accompanying the OCD-relevant vignette. Implications for theory and future research are discussed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1521/jscp.2015.34.10.839
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
1702 Cognitive Sciences
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Guilford Press
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080413

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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