Co-ingestion of energy drinks with alcohol and other substances among a sample of people who regularly use ecstasy

Peacock, Amy, Sindicich, Natasha, Dunn, Matthew, Whittaker, Elizabeth, Sutherland, Rachel, Entwistle, Gavin, Burns, Lucinda and Bruno, Raimondo 2016, Co-ingestion of energy drinks with alcohol and other substances among a sample of people who regularly use ecstasy, Drug and alcohol review, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 352-358.

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Title Co-ingestion of energy drinks with alcohol and other substances among a sample of people who regularly use ecstasy
Author(s) Peacock, Amy
Sindicich, Natasha
Dunn, MatthewORCID iD for Dunn, Matthew
Whittaker, Elizabeth
Sutherland, Rachel
Entwistle, Gavin
Burns, Lucinda
Bruno, Raimondo
Journal name Drug and alcohol review
Volume number 35
Issue number 3
Start page 352
End page 358
Total pages 7
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-05
ISSN 1465-3362
Keyword(s) alcohol
energy drink
Summary INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Despite the potential harms of mixing unregulated drugs with energy drinks (ED), research to date has primarily been focused on EDs co-ingested with alcohol. Consequently, the aim of the present study was to explore the rate of use, harms and correlates of EDs co-ingested with alcohol and other drugs among a sample of people who regularly use illicit stimulant drugs. DESIGN AND METHODS: In 2010, 693 Australians who regularly used ecstasy completed a 1-h interview about their past six-month ED and drug use. RESULTS: Three-quarters of the sample (77%) had recently consumed EDs with other substances, primarily alcohol (70%) and ecstasy (57%). People who consumed ED with alcohol versus those who had consumed ED with ecstasy and with alcohol (only 8% reported only consuming ED with ecstasy) had similar profiles in regards to demographics, drug use, mental health and drug-related problems. Primary motives for consuming ED with alcohol included increased alertness (59%), the taste (25%), to party for longer (23%) and to combat fatigue (16%). One-half (52%) and one-quarter (27%) of participants who consumed EDs with alcohol and with ecstasy respectively had recently experienced adverse outcomes post-consumption, primarily headaches (24% and 11%) and heart palpitations (21% and 14%). DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Co-ingestion of EDs with licit and illicit drugs is common among people who regularly use ecstasy and related drugs. Adverse outcomes of co-ingestion suggest that targeted education regarding negative interactive drug effects is crucial for harm reduction. [Peacock A, Sindicich N, Dunn M, Whittaker E, Sutherland R, Entwistle G, Burns L, Bruno R. Co-Ingestion of Energy Drinks with Alcohol and Other Substances among a Sample of People Who Regularly Use Ecstasy. Drug Alcohol Rev 2015].
Language eng
Field of Research 11 Medical And Health Sciences
16 Studies In Human Society
17 Psychology And Cognitive Sciences
119999 Medical and Health Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Wiley
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Health and Social Development
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