Development and validation of the awareness of narrative identity questionnaire (ANIQ)

Hallford, David J. and Mellor, David 2017, Development and validation of the awareness of narrative identity questionnaire (ANIQ), Assessment, vol. 24, no. 3, pp. 399-413, doi: 10.1177/1073191115607046.

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Title Development and validation of the awareness of narrative identity questionnaire (ANIQ)
Author(s) Hallford, David J.ORCID iD for Hallford, David J.
Mellor, DavidORCID iD for Mellor, David
Journal name Assessment
Volume number 24
Issue number 3
Start page 399
End page 413
Total pages 15
Publisher Sage
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2017-04
ISSN 1552-3489
Keyword(s) autobiographical memory
life stories
narrative coherence
narrative identity
scale development
Summary The utility of a narrative approach to identity and its role in psychological functioning are becoming increasingly recognized across various fields of inquiry. The current study aimed to develop a quantitative, self-report measure of the awareness of narrative identity and how globally coherent one's autobiographical memories are perceived to be, specifically, in terms of temporal ordering, causal associations, and the perception of unifying themes. The construct validity and reliability of the Awareness of Narrative Identity Questionnaire (ANIQ) were assessed across three studies. In the first study, exploratory factor analysis of the responses of a large sample (N = 441, M [age in years] = 33.1, SD = 15.2) to an initial item pool resulted in a 20-item four-factor structure congruent with the proposed subscales, and convergent and divergent validity were established. In the second study, and with a different sample (N = 320, M [age in years] = 26.2, SD = 4.0), further evidence for the factor structure was provided through confirmatory factor analysis. Validity findings from Study 1 were replicated and extended on, and test-retest reliabilities were found to be high (r = .72-.79). Importantly, in the third study (N = 71, M [age in years] = 24.9, SD = 6.9), criterion validity was established, whereby the ANIQ subscales were demonstrated to be associated with dimensions of narrative coherence coded from written turning-point narratives. Across all studies, the internal reliabilities for the subscales were high (α = .86-.96). The ANIQ represents a valid, psychometrically sound, and novel method of assessing the awareness of narrative identity and autobiographical memory coherence.
Language eng
DOI 10.1177/1073191115607046
Field of Research 1701 Psychology
1503 Business And Management
170110 Psychological Methodology, Design and Analysis
Socio Economic Objective 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Authors
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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