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Typology of alcohol consumers in five Australian nighttime entertainment districts

Peacock, Amy, Norman, Thomas, Bruno, Raimondo, Pennay, Amy, Droste, Nicolas, Jenkinson, Rebecca, Quinn, Brendan, Lubman, Dan I. and Miller, Peter 2016, Typology of alcohol consumers in five Australian nighttime entertainment districts, Drug and alcohol review, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 539-548, doi: 10.1111/dar.12370.

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Title Typology of alcohol consumers in five Australian nighttime entertainment districts
Author(s) Peacock, Amy
Norman, Thomas
Bruno, Raimondo
Pennay, Amy
Droste, Nicolas
Jenkinson, Rebecca
Quinn, Brendan
Lubman, Dan I.
Miller, PeterORCID iD for Miller, Peter orcid.org/0000-0002-6896-5437
Journal name Drug and alcohol review
Volume number 35
Issue number 5
Start page 539
End page 548
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication Chichester, Eng.
Publication date 2016-09
ISSN 1465-3362
Keyword(s) aggression
alcohol
harm
intoxication
nighttime economy
Summary INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Understanding how types of alcohol consumers differ is important for public policy targeted at reducing adverse events. The aims of the present study were to identify typologies of alcohol consumers in Australian nighttime entertainment districts based on risk factors for harm and to examine variation between the identified groups in drinking setting and harms. DESIGN AND METHODS: Street-intercept surveys were conducted with 5556 alcohol consumers in and around licensed venues in five Australian cities between November 2011 and June 2012. Latent class analysis identified groups based on age and sex, and blood alcohol concentration, pre-drinking, energy drink use and illicit drug use during that night. RESULTS: Four classes were identified: general patron group (33%), young pre-drinker group (27%), intoxicated male pre-drinker group (31%) and intoxicated illicit drug male group (9%). The proportion of the general patron group interviewed decreased over the night, while the other groups increased (particularly in regional cities). As compared with the general patron group, the remaining three groups reported increased odds of being involved in aggression and any alcohol-related injuries in the past 3 months, with highest rates of harm amongst the intoxicated illicit drug male group. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS: Alcohol consumers in nighttime entertainment districts are not a homogeneous group. One-third have a low likelihood of risky consumption practices; however, representation of this consumer class diminishes throughout the night. Elevated harms amongst groups characterised by certain risk factors (e.g. pre-drinking and illicit drug use) emphasise the importance of addressing these behaviours in public policy.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/dar.12370
Field of Research 111799 Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920499 Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Australasian Professional Society on Alcohol and other Drugs
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080475

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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