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Factors affecting maritime pilots' health and well-being : a systematic review

Main, Luana C and Chambers, Timothy P 2015, Factors affecting maritime pilots' health and well-being : a systematic review, International maritime health, vol. 66, no. 4, pp. 220-232, doi: 10.5603/IMH.2015.0043.

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Title Factors affecting maritime pilots' health and well-being : a systematic review
Author(s) Main, Luana CORCID iD for Main, Luana C orcid.org/0000-0002-9576-9466
Chambers, Timothy P
Journal name International maritime health
Volume number 66
Issue number 4
Start page 220
End page 232
Total pages 13
Publisher Via Medica
Place of publication Gdańsk, Poland
Publication date 2015
ISSN 1641-9251
Keyword(s) health, well-being, maritime, pilot, stress, fatigue, review
fatigue
health
maritime
pilot
review
stress
well-being
Summary Background: Maritime pilotage is a demanding occupation where pilots are required to perform complex procedures in sometimes unfamiliar working environments. These psychological stressors, in addition tothe physical demands associated with the role (e.g., reduced sleep, boarding, and departing vessels), may over time have a damaging effect on pilots’ physical and mental health. Therefore the aim of this paper was to systematically review the existing literature on maritime pilots’ health and well-being.Materials and methods: The databases academic search complete, MEDLINE and MEDLINE complete, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, PubMed, and ScienceDirect were searched from the earliest available record until 1 May 2015. From an initial pool of 167 manuscripts retrieved, only 18 were peer-reviewed original research and discussed topics associated with maritime pilots’ health and well-being.

Results: In total, 29 factors associated with maritime pilot health and well-being were identified. These were loosely categorised into physical (n = 14), psychosocial (n = 8), and workplace issues (n = 7). The most commonly investigated factors were blood pressure or heart rate, sleep or fatigue, smoking and alcohol consumption, perceived stress, and shift duration or cycle.

Conclusions: Findings from the review suggest that the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and associated cardio-metabolic risk factors seems to be of paramount importance, with ample evidence indicating that modern-day pilots present as being overweight or obese. What remains unknown is whether these physical factors are associated with variations in psychosocial functioning. Therefore, it is recommended that future pilotage investigations adopt a multidisciplinary approach to better quantify the impact of maritimepilotage on long-term health and well-being.
Language eng
DOI 10.5603/IMH.2015.0043
Field of Research 110699 Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C3 Non-refereed articles in a professional journal
Copyright notice ©2015, Via Medica
Free to Read? Yes
Use Rights Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial No-Derivatives licence
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080486

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Every reasonable effort has been made to ensure that permission has been obtained for items included in DRO. If you believe that your rights have been infringed by this repository, please contact drosupport@deakin.edu.au.