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The influence on population weight gain and obesity of the macronutrient composition and energy density of the food supply

Crino, Michelle, Sacks, Gary, Vandevijvere, Stefanie, Swinburn, Boyd and Neal, Bruce 2015, The influence on population weight gain and obesity of the macronutrient composition and energy density of the food supply, Current obesity reports, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-10, doi: 10.1007/s13679-014-0134-7.

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Title The influence on population weight gain and obesity of the macronutrient composition and energy density of the food supply
Author(s) Crino, Michelle
Sacks, GaryORCID iD for Sacks, Gary orcid.org/0000-0001-9736-1539
Vandevijvere, Stefanie
Swinburn, Boyd
Neal, Bruce
Journal name Current obesity reports
Volume number 4
Issue number 1
Start page 1
End page 10
Total pages 10
Publisher Springer
Place of publication New York, N. Y.
Publication date 2015-03
ISSN 2162-4968
Keyword(s) Energy density
Food supply
Macronutrient composition
Nutrition transition
Obesity
Ultra-processed food products
Summary Rates of overweight and obesity have increased dramatically in all regions of the world over the last few decades. Almost all of the world's population now has ubiquitous access to low-cost, but highly-processed, energy-dense, nutrient-poor food products. These changes in the food supply, rather than decreases in physical activity, are most likely the primary driver of population weight gain and obesity. To-date, the majority of prevention efforts focus on personalised approaches targeting individuals. Population-wide food supply interventions addressing sodium and trans fat reduction have proven highly effective and comparable efforts are now required to target obesity. The evidence suggests that strategies focusing upon reducing the energy density and portion size of foods will be more effective than those targeting specific macronutrients. Government leadership, clearly specified targets, accountability and transparency will be the key to achieving the food supply changes required to address the global obesity epidemic.
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/s13679-014-0134-7
Field of Research 111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 920299 Health and Support Services not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Grant ID NHMRC 1041020
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080528

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Health and Social Development
Population Health
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