The differential effects of Autism and Down's Syndrome on sexual behavior.

Ginevra, Maria Cristina, Nota, Laura and Stokes, Mark A. 2016, The differential effects of Autism and Down's Syndrome on sexual behavior., Autism research, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 131-140, doi: 10.1002/aur.1504.

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Title The differential effects of Autism and Down's Syndrome on sexual behavior.
Author(s) Ginevra, Maria Cristina
Nota, Laura
Stokes, Mark A.ORCID iD for Stokes, Mark A.
Journal name Autism research
Volume number 9
Issue number 1
Start page 131
End page 140
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-01
ISSN 1939-3806
Keyword(s) Down's syndrome
Summary Although sexuality plays a major role in the socialization of people, few studies have examined the sexual behaviors of individuals with developmental disabilities. Because of this, we decided to investigate sexuality in adolescents with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and Down's syndrome (Ds) and to compare them with typically developing adolescents, by surveying their parents. Specifically, it was hypothesized that young people with ASD would display lower levels over five domains: social behavior, privacy, sex education, sexual behavior, and parental concerns, than peers with Ds and typically developing young people. In addition, we sought to verify developmental trends in five domains with age for each group. Overall, 269 parents participated; 94 parents of typically developing adolescents, 93 parents of adolescents diagnosed with Ds, and 82 parents of adolescents diagnosed with ASD. Participants were surveyed with a Sexual Behavior Scale developed by Stokes and Kaur [] that assesses parents' reports of their child's: social behavior, privacy awareness, sex education, sexual behavior and parental concerns about the child's behaviors. It was found that three groups were significantly different on all five domains, adolescents with ASD reportedly displaying lower levels than other groups. Moreover, there was a significant improvement in knowledge of privacy and parental concerns with age for adolescents with ASD and a decline in sex education for adolescents with Ds. The results obtained emphasize the need to train adolescents with developmental disability, and especially for adolescents with ASD through sex education programs. Autism Res 2015.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/aur.1504
Field of Research 1103 Clinical Sciences
1109 Neurosciences
1701 Psychology
170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Wiley
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Document type: Journal Article
Collections: Faculty of Health
School of Psychology
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