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Antenatal dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy and early post-partum

Baskin, Rachel, Hill, Briony, Jacka, Felice N., O'Neil, Adrienne and Skouteris, Helen 2016, Antenatal dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy and early post-partum, Maternal & child nutrition, Early view, pp. 1-13, doi: 10.1111/mcn.12218.

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Title Antenatal dietary patterns and depressive symptoms during pregnancy and early post-partum
Author(s) Baskin, Rachel
Hill, Briony
Jacka, Felice N.
O'Neil, Adrienne
Skouteris, Helen
Journal name Maternal & child nutrition
Season Early view
Start page 1
End page 13
Total pages 13
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016
ISSN 1740-8709
Keyword(s) antenatal
diet quality
maternal health
Summary Perinatal depression is a debilitating disorder experienced during pregnancy and/or the first year post-partum. Recently, maternal dietary intake during pregnancy has emerged as a possible area of intervention for the prevention of mental disorders in women and their offspring. However, the relationship between antenatal diet quality and perinatal depressive symptoms remains poorly understood. The current study explored the predictive role of antenatal diet quality for antenatal and post-natal depressive symptoms. Pregnant women (n = 167) were recruited between February 2010 and December 2011. Women completed the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale at time 1 [T1, mean weeks gestation = 16.70, standard deviation (SD) = 0.91], time 2 (T2, mean weeks gestation = 32.89, SD = 0.89) and time 3 (T3, mean weeks post-partum = 13.51, SD = 1.97) and a food frequency questionnaire at T1 and T2. Diet quality was determined by extracting dietary patterns via principal components analysis. Two dietary patterns were identified: 'healthy' (including fruit, vegetables, fish and whole grains) and 'unhealthy' (including sweets, refined grains, high-energy drinks and fast foods). Associations between dietary patterns and depressive symptoms were investigated by path analyses. While both 'healthy' and 'unhealthy' path models showed good fit, only one significant association consistent with study hypotheses was found, an 'unhealthy' diet was associated with increased depressive symptoms at 32 weeks gestation. Given that this association was cross-sectional, it was not possible to make any firm conclusions about the predictive nature of either dietary patterns or depressive symptoms. Dietary intervention studies or larger prospective studies are therefore recommended.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/mcn.12218
Field of Research 170106 Health, Clinical and Counselling Psychology
111199 Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
1111 Nutrition And Dietetics
Socio Economic Objective 920507 Women's Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2016, Wiley
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Psychology
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