Perceptions of credibility of sexual abuse victims across generations

Klettke, Bianca, Hallford, David and Mellor, David 2016, Perceptions of credibility of sexual abuse victims across generations, International journal of law and psychiatry, vol. 44, January-February, pp. 91-97, doi: 10.1016/j.ijlp.2015.08.035.

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Title Perceptions of credibility of sexual abuse victims across generations
Author(s) Klettke, BiancaORCID iD for Klettke, Bianca orcid.org/0000-0003-4602-2435
Hallford, DavidORCID iD for Hallford, David orcid.org/0000-0003-1093-8345
Mellor, DavidORCID iD for Mellor, David orcid.org/0000-0001-5007-5906
Journal name International journal of law and psychiatry
Volume number 44
Season January-February
Start page 91
End page 97
Total pages 7
Publisher Elsevier
Place of publication Amsterdam, The Netherlands
Publication date 2016-01
ISSN 1873-6386
Keyword(s) Credibility
Generations
Sexual abuse
Witness
Summary The success of prosecutions of perpetrators of sexual abuse often depends substantially upon the perceived credibility of the victim witness. However, perceptions of credibility may vary by generation of the observer, and the constitution of juries may therefore lead to bias. In this study we examined whether perceptions of credibility of female victims of sexual abuse varied across generation Y, generation X, "baby boomers", and "builders". One hundred and twenty-eight jury-eligible members of the community from each generation (N=512) responded to ten questions assessing the perceived believability, competence, trustworthiness, demeanour and sexual naiveté of females providing testimony related to alleged sexual abuse. Although consistent between-generation differences were not found for all questions, or all four groups of generational cohorts, in instances where significant differences were found, it was consistently the older generation groups (builders and baby boomers) that attributed less credibility to the victim than the younger generation groups (generation Y and generation X). The implications of these findings are discussed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1016/j.ijlp.2015.08.035
Field of Research 1801 Law
170112 Sensory Processes, Perception and Performance
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Elsevier
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080660

Document type: Journal Article
Collections: School of Psychology
2018 ERA Submission
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