Body fatness charts based on BMI and waist circumference

Lee, Wang-Sheng 2016, Body fatness charts based on BMI and waist circumference, Obesity, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 245-249, doi: 10.1002/oby.21307.

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Title Body fatness charts based on BMI and waist circumference
Author(s) Lee, Wang-ShengORCID iD for Lee, Wang-Sheng
Journal name Obesity
Volume number 24
Issue number 1
Start page 245
End page 249
Total pages 5
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-01
ISSN 1930-7381
Summary Objective To present percent body fat (PBF) charts based on body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference (WC) which can supplement current public health guidelines for obesity. Methods Based on data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) III for 18- to 65-year-olds, a semi-parametric spline approach was utilized, in which no specific functional forms for BMI and WC are assumed, to depict graphically the relationship between BMI, WC, and PBF. Four distinct PBF charts were created, categorized by gender and ethnicity which are based on data from 2,170 white females, 1,902 African American females, 1,905 white males, and 1,635 African American males. Results PBF prediction based on the semi-parametric spline model outperformed competing linear models. For men, BMI is largely inconsequential, and WC plays a primary role in determining PBF levels. For women, the interaction between BMI and WC is more complex. To have low body fat, women would need to watch both their BMI and WC measurements carefully. Conclusions PBF charts, which incorporate information from three dimensions that are as simple to read as a BMI chart to help determine a person's level of fatness, were proposed.
Language eng
DOI 10.1002/oby.21307
Field of Research 111104 Public Nutrition Intervention
Socio Economic Objective 920401 Behaviour and Health
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, The Obesity Society
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Document type: Journal Article
Collection: Department of Economics
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