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Ocean governance and risk management

Wescott, Geoffrey 2015, Ocean governance and risk management. In Fra.Paleo, Urbano (ed), Risk governance : the articulation of hazard, politics and ecology, Springer, Berlin, Germany, pp.395-412, doi: 10.1007/978-94-017-9328-5_21.

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Title Ocean governance and risk management
Author(s) Wescott, GeoffreyORCID iD for Wescott, Geoffrey orcid.org/0000-0002-9392-3319
Title of book Risk governance : the articulation of hazard, politics and ecology
Editor(s) Fra.Paleo, Urbano
Publication date 2015
Chapter number 21
Total chapters 33
Start page 395
End page 412
Total pages 22
Publisher Springer
Place of Publication Berlin, Germany
Keyword(s) Politics & social sciences
Politics & government
Political science
History & theory
Regional planning
Public affairs & policy
Urban planning & development
Sociology
Nature & ecology
Natural resources
Natural disasters
Earth sciences
Summary The high seas have always engendered a range of emotions and reactions from humans. Curiosity, fear, even terror, of this great expanse of ocean which cover 70 % of Earth the blue planet. Yet the sheer size of the oceans and the difficulty of transporting across them meant the high seas were largely ignored by the vast majority of humans for centuries. Humans were largely confined to land with the only interest in the seas being as trade routes and the defence of the land. In fact all the way up to the last quarter of the twentieth century a nations territorial sea extended only three nautical miles off shore the distance that a cannon ball could be fired.

This almost casual relationship to the oceans changed dramatically in the 1960s and 1970s as technology played an ever icnreasing role in the exploitation of the natural resources of the seas. Fishing was made far easier by being able to use sophisticated sonar systems to detect the fish and by advanced nets and vessels. But it was probably the technological ability to first find and then extract oil and gas off shore on continental shelfs, and at increasing depths, which stimulated interest in exploiting marine resources. Dreams of other deep sea mineral resources (e.g. manganese nodules) simply fuelled interest in the oceans, not to mentino some of the pharmaceuticals that were being discovered.

ISBN 9789401793285
9789401793285
Language eng
DOI 10.1007/978-94-017-9328-5_21
Field of Research 050205 Environmental Management
Socio Economic Objective 960701 Coastal and Marine Management Policy
HERDC Research category B1 Book chapter
ERA Research output type B Book chapter
Copyright notice ©2015, Springer
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080745

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