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Transformation from student to occupational therapist : using the Delphi technique to identify the threshold concepts of occupational therapy

Nicola-Richmond, Kelli M., Pépin, Genevieve and Larkin, Helen 2016, Transformation from student to occupational therapist : using the Delphi technique to identify the threshold concepts of occupational therapy, Australian occupational therapy journal, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 95-104, doi: 10.1111/1440-1630.12252.

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Title Transformation from student to occupational therapist : using the Delphi technique to identify the threshold concepts of occupational therapy
Author(s) Nicola-Richmond, Kelli M.
Pépin, Genevieve
Larkin, Helen
Journal name Australian occupational therapy journal
Volume number 63
Issue number 2
Start page 95
End page 104
Total pages 10
Publisher Wiley
Place of publication London, Eng.
Publication date 2016-04
ISSN 1440-1630
Keyword(s) Delphi technique
occupational therapy
threshold concepts
transformation
Summary BACKGROUND/AIM: Understanding and facilitating the transformation from occupational therapy student to practitioner is central to the development of competent and work-ready graduates. However, the pivotal concepts and capabilities that need to be taught and learnt in occupational therapy are not necessarily explicit. The threshold concepts theory of teaching and learning proposes that every discipline has a set of transformational concepts that students must acquire in order to progress. As students acquire the threshold concepts, they develop a transformed way of understanding content related to their course of study which contributes to their developing expertise. The aim of this study was to identify the threshold concepts of occupational therapy. METHOD: The Delphi technique, a data collection method that aims to demonstrate consensus in relation to important questions, was used with three groups comprising final year occupational therapy students (n = 11), occupational therapy clinicians (n = 21) and academics teaching occupational therapy (n = 10) in Victoria, Australia. RESULTS: Participants reached consensus regarding 10 threshold concepts for the occupational therapy discipline. These are: understanding and applying the models and theories of occupational therapy; occupation; evidence-based practice; clinical reasoning; discipline specific skills and knowledge; practising in context; a client-centred approach; the occupational therapist role; reflective practice and; a holistic approach. CONCLUSION: The threshold concepts identified provide valuable information for the discipline. They can potentially inform the development of competencies for occupational therapy and provide guidance for teaching and learning activities to facilitate the transformation to competent practitioner.
Language eng
DOI 10.1111/1440-1630.12252
Field of Research 110399 Clinical Sciences not elsewhere classified
Socio Economic Objective 929999 Health not elsewhere classified
HERDC Research category C1 Refereed article in a scholarly journal
ERA Research output type C Journal article
Copyright notice ©2015, Occupational Therapy Australia
Persistent URL http://hdl.handle.net/10536/DRO/DU:30080828

Document type: Journal Article
Collection: School of Health and Social Development
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